THE PLUTOCRACY OF THE “WEST COUNTRY MEN”, WHO FOUNDED AMERICA, CREATED SLAVERY AND RACISM. THE EXPLOITATION EXTENDED RECENTLY TO MOST OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. WHY OBAMA HAS NO CHOICE BUT TURNING INTO A NEW SOLON.
Overview: In his second inaugural address, Lincoln portrayed slavery as America’s Original Sin. Barack Obama had the courage to use the idea during his presidential campaign, and that met with the approbation of enough US citizens to get him elected in a landslide.
Thus the subject has become honorable. We will proceed to dig, and give an explanation for American slavery, and a few other sins besides, such as American racism. The present failure of the American health care and financial systems is also a direct consequence.
In all things human beings do, the philosophy of their civilization dominates. If it’s all about gory human sacrifices, as the Aztecs used to enjoy, bloody human sacrifices it will be, and the bloody minds to go with them. But human sacrifices is why the Spaniards wiped out the Aztecs and Incas, and why Rome wiped out Carthage and mauled the Celts: there is a cost to primitivism, and progress shall exact it.
We show why and how most of the evils specific to the USA originated with plutocracy. Worse: plutocracy created English America. To really get rid of the basic evils of America, one will have to get rid of the spirit that has made it so friendly and obsequious to plutocracy. Only then America is going to lose its daddy, and will have to change its metaphysics back to where the Founding Fathers had it, namely NON Christian.
Verily, the USA is unique in one way: no other country was deliberately started by some of the richest men as an investment to bring in material profits ASAP. OK, Americans like to forget the first 180 years of the English colony of America, but that is when all the psychological seeds of the USA were planted. (Most of the rest of American civilization is just standard European enlightenment.)
PLUTOCRACY INVENTED SLAVERY AND RACISM IN AMERICA, 400 YEARS AGO. From scratch: neither racism, nor slavery, were European traditions (if one forgets that mustard seed, the murderous Christian obsession with the Jews). No time was lost in the search for profits. Not waiting for African slaves to show up, the plutocracy warmed up by enslaving white people (the exactions of contemporary history against the white middle class are thus a return to tradition).
The white slaves (the so called “indentured servants”) were brutalized, sometimes to death. The cause of this devolution into savagery was the search for profits, divinized all the way. The power (kratos) of money (and the devil that goes with it, the subterranean Pluto) ruled the English settlement in America .
In the process of grabbing an entire continent, it was convenient to hate the races that lived there. Never mind that the French called them the “beautiful people”. Natives had to be eradicated: they hindered profits. Thus the concept of race, and the practice of racial hatred, became foundations of the conquest of America. (It worked: but for the blacks, the United States of America became all white; now it’s becoming mestizo again, because of immigration from the other Americas, where the Amerindians were not fully eradicated.)
This unique American creation, racial slavery, reversed thousands of years of Western history. It was amazingly counter revolutionary. In an important sense, it was a case of DEREGULATION gone all the way, a completely barbaric deconstruction of civilization. Ever since, deregulation and devolution have been strong undercurrents of American culture.
The Old Bible, a cook book of recipes on how to influence their parents by torturing children to death, vicious tribalism and holocausts, became naturally entangled with racial slavery, and the holocaust of the American natives. Thus, when Bush invaded Iraq because his “Higher Father”, God, had told him to, he was following to the letter a four century old American tradition. It may not be civilized, it may not be European, but it’s all very Biblical. Worse: it worked.
Why did it work? The Marquis de Sade would have laughed at the question. Instead we present deep observations connected to the deepest biology imaginable. It is a bit subtle. Basically biological democracy is intrinsic to the simian evolutionary strategy, and plutocracy is antinomic to it. This has all to do with brain capacity which forces insects into fascism and plutocracy. Democracy gives more mental power, so is optimal, but the apparition of capital has made plutocracy a constant pitfall. To stabilize itself, plutocracy tends to make civilization fascistic. That should make it inferior, but when Europeans had to invade vast spaces, such as Central Asia, Siberia, or North America, holocausting most of the Natives, fascism has been vastly superior. Thus…
For those four centuries, the very barbarity of the evil plutocracy provided “We The People”, the rich owners of America, with riches, ever more, culminating with the frenzy of the twentieth century, when the very defects of US plutocracy synergized with the real qualities of the American people and culture, to create a world empire in a generation. This had a lot to do with the Dark Side of the human character, so carefully honed right from the start in 1608. Now the new Amerindians became the Europeans themselves, fulfilling an old wish of the Puritans to come back and conquer that Europe that despised them.
That somewhat informal world empire the USA created for itself is eerily reminiscent of the Athenian empire, 24 centuries before.
There are striking similarities between the excesses that led to Athens’ fall and recent US strategies (sometimes word for word, as if an unimaginative devil repeated by rote what had worked so well before to bring rage and annihilation, and whispered the words into top US leaders’ ears). Athens, in particular had stolen all the money of her allies, the Delos League Treasury, using it to build real estate in Athens (the Long Walls, Parthenon, etc.). That upset its allies, friends and subordinates throughout the Athenian empire.
The present financial crisis is a massive fraud perpetrated by a large chunk of the plutocracy of the USA, through criminal “securitization”. “Securitization” stole friends and allies, to build, well, real estate in the USA. The analogy here is with the Delos theft is great.
Recently deprived from abusing blatantly the “blacks”, the old fashion way, US plutocracy, under Nixon leadership (the ex right hand man of McCarthy), veered towards enslaving the entire US population as if it were made entirely of “black” slaves. Why to use chains, when you have HMOs? The idea was to chain people with bureaucracy, to extract more wealth for the few, by spreading the abuse all over. Health “care” plutocratic style, and the collapse of the financial markets (while hedge funds for the rich make like the bandits they are), are the most recent twists on this general idea of spreading the abuse from the “blacks” in particular to everybody in general.
That little plan kept unfolding under Reagan and plenty of Bushes and Rubins. But now the outraged people, refusing to pay mortgage, has decided to be led by one who was good for slavery a short while ago.
Mort-gage is French for death-pledge. No wonder. Revolt is brewing, but the plutocracy is not panicking yet, it’s trying to control the Obama administration, with its paws and pawns all over. The first aim of the predator is to immobilize the prey.
There cannot be any real change in the USA as long as the plutocratic principle, MONEY RULES, can sit happily on top, in plain view, and people cannot see how malevolent its influence is.
Things will come to a head, as the forces of civilization and the people try to get organized, worldwide, while, and because, the ice caps are melting. That means fighting mental dwarfism and the plutocracy that fosters it.
WHY PLUTOCRACY KEEPS ON BLOOMING:
Plutocracy is kratos, power, of the rich, the subterranean, the God Pluto, the One that operates in the Dark (think derivatives and credit swaps; think also of Persia secretly financing Sparta to fight Athens, or American plutocrats “paying” Hitler under the table, as the billionaire Thyssen put it elegantly).
Democracy means “peoplepower”. It is in complete contradiction with plutocracy, which means “moneypower”. Between democracy and plutocracy it is a fight to death. Sometimes one dies, sometimes the other. They are perpetually killed and reborn throughout the history of civilization. The natural state is democracy (as Rousseau would point out). But civilization rests on power, and that means capital.
Money represents and symbolizes power (yes, literally: ultimately the correct future theory of rigorous economics will rests on energy, as physics does already, but with more general action principles; thus economic theory will prove to be is richer: it is more what we want the universe to be, whereas physics is what we started with, before we twisted everything with our creative minds).
In a free market economy, some people gather money, and other spend it right away. Such is the variety of psychobiology: from many, even more. So there will be always richer and poorer people. Any democracy finds itself with people getting richer and other poorer. The process is moreover non linear: it feeds on itself: per the nature of the exponential, the rich get richer, and the poor, poorer. Thus left to their normal devices, societies find themselves with a few extremely rich people, and everybody else extremely poor. Plutocracy is the state where only a few have most of the wealth, and also most of the power (think about American plutocrats buying American elections).
Thus, TO PREVENT PLUTOCRACY EXTRAORDINARY MEASURES ARE NECESSARY, IN ANY SOCIETY. Hence societies have found necessary, since ever, to destroy or redistribute the power, or the money of the rich. As Barack Obama puts it:” spread the wealth”. Absent these efforts, plutocracy grows malignant.
WHY PLUTOCRACY IS BAD, EVEN BIOLOGICALLY SPEAKING:
Despotism is a form of plutocracy. The worst plutocracies rule by trying to use the full power of fascism.
Plutocracy and democracy have biological roots, and they are as deep as it gets. They are the systems that fit best different inherited capabilities. We are on one side, insects are on the other. We have relegated a deeper biological look at these in the annex after the main text.
HOW CIVILIZATION MAKES PLUTOCRACY POSSIBLE, TURNING HUMANS TO INSECTS:
Plutocracy is not natural to simians. But it is a consequence of power that is hard to avoid. Civilization, though, is all about ever more power. As obvious resources are used up, more raw power has to be applied to get to less obvious ones. Also population may be 100 times higher than can be sustained without very advanced technology, which is all about clever power.
Human societies invented trade, not just in ideas, but in goods. Trade was absolutely necessary: a Homo Habilis living in a geographic region with just sand and mud absolutely needed a few good stones to survive, and would do whatever it took to get them. Millions of year passed by, language became plenty good enough, fire was used in all ways, modifying even diet, allowing Homo Erectus to eat otherwise inedible vegetables. Trade was ever more important. At some point currency and capital were invented. They allowed further progress towards ever more power. Sorry Mr. Buddhist, and Ms. Marxist, but INCREASING POWER IS WHAT HUMAN EVOLUTION IS ALL ABOUT. To second guess power, and claim we could do without it, is downright silly. Buddhist societies, its monasteries and its monks, rest on the enormous power of the peasants, a power that is clearly not sustainable in the long term (due to exhaustion of soils and water, certainly not with the present enormous populations of Buddhists!). Even at a medieval level (without frequent and extensive holocausts).
Those creations, trade and capital, are as human as human can be. The wild attacks of Marx against capital, conceptually identifying it with blood, are unwarranted. If anything, capital allowed the human species to distanciate themselves from the goriest tasks.
The dark side of capital, though, as explained in the preceding section, is its tendency to congregate. This concentration of power –PLUTOCRACY– deeply violates the democracy of ideas at the root of the superiority of primates, and hominids especially. As civilization evolved the most successful societies were able to take active measures to fight plutocracy, and hence to be more intelligent. (These measures were sometimes amazingly violent, as when Vikings or Indians burned the dazed wives with the rich husband’s body).
LIVING ON ONE’S KNEES, LICKING THE TOES OF THE RICH, OR HOW NOT TO THRIVE:
Many Americans repeat ad nauseam that there is everything good with the power of the rich. The Reagan lovers went on, for decades, singing the praises of the rich, those who create jobs (according to them). By that argument, lions create blood, because it’s all over their muzzles.
Those in love with riches say that being rich is a proof of success, and success should be rewarded (a somewhat circular argument). In this case, as in many others, the USA shows its youth and inexperience. Created by the plutocracy, and endowed by the plutocracy, an American culture has evolved where the highest respect is given to riches. One is reminded of Louis XIV’s France. Ort more exactly, James I England. Not coincidentally, James was one of the investors who founded English America.
In English North America, it was not just the power of the rich, but, right from the start, the rule of the rich (true the Puritans quickly substituted to it their own rule in Massachusetts, covering their exactions with the Bible). The rule of the rich contradicts the power of the people, since, by definition of what rich means, the people is not rich.
If only one mind does all the mental work, as in a despotic regime, not too many new ideas are generated. That is basically why North Korea is poor: it is led by very few minds. When thinking like termites, live like termites.
WISDOM KNOWS BEST OR WHY EVERYTHING ELSE BEING EQUAL, DEMOCRACY CRUSHES PLUTOCRACY:
Poor ways are not relative. Elephant societies that have lost their experienced matriarchs are disrupted for generations, because the matriarchs knew best. Absent the matriarchs, elephants don’t know what to do. Their dung is full of stress hormones. There is an idea here for human society: absent wisdom to provide guidance, leaders will get stressed. Leadership is not enough, wisdom is beyond it. G. W. Bush tried to lead without wisdom, and that frat boy and heir got stressed out. A stressed out individual with the finger on the nuclear button is not what most of us want.
Throughout Africa, chimpanzee cultures thrive. But they tend to be all different: ideas cannot circulate, because chimps do not have enough of a symbolic language to describe and transmit those. Cultural superiority is achieved by many minds blossoming. That brings many ideas, and the best of those can be selected, grabbed and amplified by the group.
The industrialization of this idea generating mechanism is called civilization, and its democratic form is the most reasonable, the most reason generating, hence the most powerful. That is why the SOCIETIES THAT KEEP THEIR PLUTOCRACY UNDER CONTROL TEND TO BE THE MOST SUCCESSFUL. Therein the superiority of Western European societies: although despotic, the European Middle Ages, moderated by secular law, was the most democratic regime on the planet, by far. And that came to include the old English colony of America; the later was a dictatorship onto the “blacks” but became a democracy among the rich: (only) citizens with property could vote.
To be successful, plutocracy has to be wary of an independent intellectual class: that is where revolution could come from, plutocracy knows it.
PLUTOCRACY GOT KILLED, AND ATHENS WAS BORN. WHEN PLUTOCRACY THRIVED, ROME DUMBED DOWN. SAME WITH THE USA:
Revolution is what happened in Athens in the century before Pericles, when Solon threw down the plutocratic, fascist order installed by Draco; Solon was the typical “engaged” super intellectual. After some initial difficulties, within a few decades, Athens blossomed into her greatest age, an age when the gap between rich and poor was not much. An age soon characterized by giant State spending in military matters (Fleet, Long Walls) and civilian works (Acropolis).
When the USA was a nation of scientists and engineers, say around 1945, inequality in the USA was low (as measured by the Gini index). That was not so great for the plutocracy, and, very conveniently a witch hunt against intellectuals and their fellow travelers was launched. This “McCarthyism” was greatly helped by Richard Nixon, one of the central servants of American plutocracy in the twentieth century. Thanks in no small measure to Nixon and its health scheme, wealth inequality in the USA is presently high and getting higher. Perfectly related to this, the USA went from being the most knowledgeable society on the planet to rank 60th (sixtieth!) in the proportion of college graduates receiving science and engineering degrees. Naturally enough, most Americans do not believe in evolution. In the USA, it’s all about devolution, under the Biblical God’s watchful eye.
Plutocracy has made America dumb, anti intellectualism is a facet of that. Both stupidity and anti-intellectualism were even more prominent in Rome. Rome had billionaires intellectuals, like the USA has billionaire universities. Why are figure head intellectuals the richest when mental wealth is the poorest? Because those worthies have been bought, and those billions were their price. Roman emperors stooped as low as paying engineers to not use their inventions (in the USA the auto executives seem to behave the same).
Now, to save the planet, ideas have to get mightier than wealth, and this is the fundamental reason for opting out of moneypower, and going back to peoplepower. Material wealth is no friend of thinking, because it is all about the rat race and winning it, whereas thinking is about respecting one’ s mind and that of others. Wealth is about the race, and quashing, thinking is meditation and appreciation. One is all about rats, the other well beyond.
PLUTOCRACY IS READY FOR THE NEXT ROUND: ARE YOU?
The subprime, real estate and credit crises were a new type of fraud made to make the fabulously rich even richer, and, as we speak, they are getting ever more so, since what counts is relative wealth in comparison to the middle class.
Contrarily to what is usually claimed, the frantic ascent of the incompetent American plutocracy is not all about Bush. Graphs on the inequality of riches have been perking up, ever since Nixon. Clinton’s respected Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Robert Rubin, was all for expanded financial engineering (as opposed to real engineering). For Rubin the right economics was whatever made bond holders happy. Never mind what the bonds were holding.
People such as Mr. Rubin are in low orbit around president-elect Obama, ready to land and spread their wings and their nets, once again. The plutocracy is ready for its next conquest, its new frontier, the Obama nation. And who is ready to resist it? Is Obama ready? Well, to resist, first one has to be armed with some knowledge of what has been, and thus of what will try to be again.
ENGLISH AMERICA ORIGINATED AS A PLUTOCRATIC PROFIT MAKING DEVICE:
The USA is the only country that started as a “joint stock company”, the “Virginia” or “London” Company, and it shows. American culture was born as a typical financial exploitation scheme: it was the Lehman Brothers for 1608 CE, on steroids. Enemies would be quartered.
English America was created to generate profits, but somehow grew into a country that views itself as sophisticated. Unrestrained plutocracy was the original creative force of English America (aka the “Virginia Company”). It was a case of total deregulation: a financial entity was given a continent to do as it pleased “from sea to shining sea”, and allowed to make its own law, as long as it imposed the Christian religion. The growth of this mental structure, of this plutocracy, is the master force behind various exploitative schemes of the English colony of America, from slavery to the present financial crisis.
THE MYSTERY OF AMERICAN RACISM: WHERE DID IT COME FROM?
Where did the so-incredibly-violent, nearly unbelievable American racism come from? Why the big problem with skin color? Even a few years back, well after the defeat of the Nazis, so called “inter racial” marriage was forbidden in many American states. Somebody with the slightest suspicion of African inheritance, to this day, is called “black”. Ferreting African ancestry is an obsessive characteristic of the American character, truly a form of insanity.
Thus, sometimes, so called American “blacks” have blue eyes and red hair. At least, in Hitler’s Third Reich, when so called Jewish blood was sufficiently diluted, one was considered “Aryan”. Not so in American: the mark of Africa is indelible, such strong stuff that it will make you black, even if you are all white and pink. Just as bubonic plague, that will make you back all over for all to see, so is African ancestry in American culture. (There is no doubt that the Obama presidency will change this.)
American racism is deeply anti European. They may have enjoyed feeding screaming convicts alive to the beasts, but the Romans were not racist. There were African and Arab emperors. Some emperors were born in Britain, or Spain, and even in Gaul. One entire dynasty came out of Africa. “Saint” Augustine was a native Berber (and also a top Roman citizen).
Jews had full right as citizens, plus a few more (because Rome recognized that the Jewish religion’s jealous God tolerated no other.)
American racism only compares to the old racism in India, between upper and lower castes, established 3,500 years ago. Genetic studies have shown that the genetics of upper and lower castes are indeed different. Some Indians have been shocked to learn that Hinduism, their religion, was racist (whereas Islam, the big enemy, is not). Now, of course, it was completely obvious, but it’s nice to have scientific proof.
Indian racism was installed after a massive invasion by, well, old European stock (from east of the Caucasus). Thus it has this in common with American racism. But American racism went further, since it exterminated the natives.
HOLOCAUSTS ARE PROFITABLE, SAYS AMERICAN RACISM:
It is now fairly established by recent scholarship that Hitler improved the financial status of his Reich by stealing from the Jews. This was nothing new, the method was used many times in the Middle Ages by the English and French kings, and other despots (more craftily than Hitler, they did not kill all the Jews, so they could come back, and do it again). In general, removing a large part of a population tends to augment the relative riches of the rest. This happened after the plague of the fourteenth century that ravaged Europe (killing up to 50%).
By 1619, the inventors and investors of the Virginia Company were desperate. They were hungry for profits, but there were none. The English plutocrats that founded the stock company now known as America, had lined up alleyways with human skulls, back in Ireland. In America, clearly the natives had to be exterminated; for four generations, they had resisted the European invasion with military might (and for much longer if one goes all the way back to the Vikings!) The London investors were looking for gold, not Indians.
So they fully launched racism, slavery, frantic exploitation of man by man, and entangled them all, in a harmonious whole. Burning Indian villages and paying for scalps were next. Why and how could such gross violations of European law and civilization occur?
THE BIBLE TAUGHT THAT EXTERMINATING INDIANS WAS GOD’S WAY:
Well, that’s why “God” was put in charge, big time. First the Virginia Company Charter, as modified by the Chief Justice, ordered to convert the Natives, and that, hopefully would give an occasion to exert “great vengeance” as God has it in the Bible.
In any case, the Old Testament illustrated, with vivid examples, the extermination according to race and tribe, and God was shown repeatedly torturing and killing entire countries, sometimes just to psychologically harass one individual God was particularly obsessed by. A preferred tactic of “God” is to torture children to death, to make their parents feel bad. Relative to these fundamental procedures, slavery is viewed as human. Those methods were applied to the letter, and found most useful in counter insurrection: relatives, wives, even children of Native resistance fighters were killed or enslaved. This is where the 400 years of racist horror came from. Once one has done worse, it’s easy to do less.
THE MEROVINGIANS OUTLAWED SLAVERY:
Where did the idea of American slavery come from? On the face of it, slavery was illegal in (secular) European law. It had been unlawful for a millennium. Slavery was outlawed by Queen Bathilde of the Franks (circa 660 CE). The Merovingian Franks had forged a gigantic empire, the “Imperium Francorum”, all over present day France, and most of Germany and surrounding areas, and its influence extended far out, all the way to the Lofoten islands. Bathilde herself had been captured as a child in Anglia, England, in a war the Franks were conducting there with some allies. She had attracted the eye of the young king of the Franks who bought that rebellious youth, freed her, then married her. Then he died, leaving her in charge.
In the next century, striking back against the invading Muslims, the Imperium Francorum would extend over Italy, part of Spain, and push all the way to Eastern Europe (Venice, the Papal States, and a free Hungary were creations of the Franks, and so was the war against the Bulgars, who invented in reaction Eastern Christianity). The Franks’ secular law became Western European law. Slavery became unlawful over most of Western Europe. Christians and Jews were full citizens with equal rights. Not being a slave was one of those rights.
There were two places where slavery still was legal: Great Britain and the part of the Iberian peninsula the Muslims occupied (this has a bearing to the rest of this story)..
When the Franks and the duke of Normandy, definitively took control of England and Wales (1066), they freed the slaves there (20% of the population). The barons in England, a mix of French nobles and local individuals of very varied ancestry, considered, correctly, that the English monarch was in power per their good graces, spent centuries trying to grab ever more power for themselves. They would call French grandees to their rescue as soon as they thought they own “English” king had overstepped the powers they had been good enough to grant him. This process of contestation followed by negotiations led to the Magna Carta, insurrections, and Parliament. Soon England was the most democratic country in the world (explaining a lot of the hostility with its suzerain, the more absolute French monarchy).
SLAVERY WAS A PLUTOCRATIC FORM OF EARLY LEVERAGE, AND THAT IS WHY THE PLUTOCRACY GOT SLAVERY RESTARTED:
In Old Rome, slavery had been a wonderful thing for the hyper rich. Seneca, the philosopher (in the Roman meaning of the term), claimed he had no idea how many huge properties he owned overseas. Many citizens of Rome did not work much, thanks to millions of slaves. The viciousness and omnipresence of slavery in the Roman Empire amazes. There were firms specialized in the torture of slaves. (Not just in recapturing slaves, and roughing them up, as in nineteenth century USA.)
Under the Franks, Venice was allowed to traffic in slaves (Slavs, as their name indicates, captured in south Russia and sold to the obsessive Muslim slave masters). But that was happening outside of the Imperium Francorum proper. In the Imperium Francorum, the law was secular. God, either in the Bible or the Quran, loves slavery. Saint Augustine thought that slavery was one more punishment given by God.
As Portugal, just liberated from Islam, started to expand overseas, plutocrats in Portugal, remembering what the Muslim slave masters had taught them, pushed to reinstate slavery. So the Abrahamic God, a friend of despots, slavery, and torturing children, confided to the Pope, in the fourteenth century, that Africans could be enslaved. The Pope dutifully wrote a bull recommending that. As in Iraq with oil nowadays, there was money to be made in Africa with sugarcane.
AS ENGLAND WAS DOING OTHER THINGS, SLAVERY ENTRENCHED ITSELF IN DE FACTO INDEPENDENT AMERICA:
The English Parliament had become increasingly powerful. Only a minority voted, that of the rich, the landowners. They constituted a plutocracy that started to use foreign wars pretty much as the rich Romans had before. A victim was Ireland. By 1608, King James and his plutocratic accomplices, the “West Country Men” funded the English colony of America. It was the earliest recognized “joint stock company”, the “Virginia Company”. The aim was profits.
Profits came only with tobacco, and slaves farming it. Slaves? How come? Were not slaves unlawful in England? Sure. All slaves sent to Europe were freed right away. But there was that Papal bull, and by then England was wracked by civil war, religious war, rebellion, revolution, the king’s execution by parliament, dictatorship (Cromwell), “Glorious Revolution”, and a successful foreign invasion (from the Netherlands). By the time the British tried to reassert power, it was the eighteenth century. Meanwhile the English settlers had made their own laws and governments for three generations. They were also the richest, healthiest people on earth. The old fashion way, as celebrated by the Old Bible, had a lot to do with it.
Over half of all white immigrants to the English colonies of North America during the 17th and 18th centuries consisted of indentured servants. In 1639, the official punishment for a runaway indentured servant was death by hanging, after a bit of whipping. Early on, it was death by quartering alive.
President Washington, who got started in the military and real estate, played the Brits, the French, the Indians, and the average Joes against each other, in a masterful game. He finished as a big slave master, and the richest man in the USA. He resisted his friend Lafayette’s entreaties to outlaw slavery. Twelve US presidents owned slaves (yes, more than 25%). It was no accident, it was a system of exploitation, fostered by an attitude towards man in general: man was to be punished, as the Bible had it, as the Puritans had it, and, all the more, since it generated profits. That mental scheme, that greed is best, is pursued to this day with the scheme of making huge profits from health or from the subprime world fraud.
SLAVERY IN AMERICA AS EARLY DEREGULATION AND GLOBALIZATION:
North America was too cold for sugarcane, but the hyper rich in America acquired millions of African slaves, to produce very profitable tobacco. Slavery was all about the rich, getting richer, not held back by extraneous morality. The hyper rich in America committed the crime of slavery, it’s not everybody who did it. Those slaves were indeed extremely expensive to purchase. Most people had nothing to do with it.
It is a situation similar to what has developed with the democratically defective, but plutocratically expanding globalization that haunts the world today. By colonizing America, the richest of the rich evaded European law, allowing them to leverage and amplify their wealth. Just as slavery was forbidden in Europe then, exaggerated pollution and slave labor are forbidden in Europe and North America right now. So what do the richest of the rich do? Well, they go overseas and make alliances with local despots to turn around these all too civilized Euro-American laws. It’s basically the same idea as with the slave trade (African slaves were purchased through local African despots, and European settlers and great white chiefs Jefferson and Jackson acted like despots relative to some Indians, while instating perfidious alliances with others).
THE GOOD OLD SACRO SAINT BIBLE, OR WHERE AMERICAN RACISM AND GENOCIDAL VIOLENCE CAME FROM:
Some, mesmerized by hope and glibness, claimed that the racial Civil War started 147 years ago, and ended with Obama’s election. That is beside the point: as we said, racism and slavery were just means to an end, outrageous profits by the richest, the consequence of deeper mental structures that have not been excavated, let alone made explicit. Africans were enslaved in English America in 1619, 390 years ago… And (most of) the whites 400 years ago. Those 400 years gave plenty of time for deeply ingrained attitudes to implant themselves in American culture, not all favorable to civilization.
And when they were favorable to it, it was to a runaway civilization, its economy rendered crazed by unsustainable consumption. One has to understand that North American civilization thrived on destruction of what was there before. The craze was self reinforcing.
Catholicism was promoted by emperor Constantine in part to avoid the Old Testament. The Old Testament was certainly racist. The Old Testament was about the sort of tribalism and racism Rome had, rightly, no tolerance for. One of the rare positive aspects of “Orthodox Catholicism” was precisely its rejection of the tribal attitude of the Old Testament, making it not only compatible with Rome, but extending it universally, just when Roman military power petered out. The Old Testament recommends, preaches the torture of children, to death. For example when God has a problem with Pharaoh, or with King David, what does God do? Well, God torture their children and kill them. Seven days of suffering in the case of David’s son. Relative to this, the most exalted language of a preacher such as Reverend Wright is nothing. Even the worst Nazis (for example Himmler) had to admit that killing innocent people was a heavy burden. But, for the jealous God of the Bible, it is the standard operating procedure.
Luther and Calvin brought back the old testament. Calvin, a lawyer so crazed he had to flee his native France, enjoyed seeing professors who differed on the details of Christianity burn alive, close and personal. It got worse. A group of fanatical religionists with intellectual pretentions around Cambridge, England, unsatisfied with the church of England, that they viewed as Catholicism in disguise, decided to go beyond Luther and Calvin, back to the ideas that even Constantine found too primitive to accept. The Old Testament was what the Puritans adored. Nobody else did, so they decamped from Britain to the Netherlands, and from there to America when their rebellious teenagers threatened to turn Dutch!
As the Puritans settled America, they read their beloved Bible, again and again and again, and decided to live according to it. Thus they learned by rote the justification of tribalism and holocausts found in the Bible. Think about it; that’s all they read. The English settlers in America were clearly the Elected People, others had to be disposed of, it was all in the Book. By that time, the seventeenth century, such an attitude could not have survived in Europe. Advanced thinkers were listened to, in European power circles, but there were neither intellectuals nor power in America. So the racist attitude thrived among the local elite. “God bless America!” became the chant that would never cease.
The Puritans found that some English mariners had settled up north, marrying local women. Very unchristian, not in the Bible. The Puritans marched north, and killed these “rough fellows”.
AMERICAN PLUTOCRACY NEEDED NEW VICTIMS TO EXPLOIT, THUS WE BECAME ALL BLACK:
As civilization progressed, slavery and racism became untenable in America. Luckily for the USA, fascism was strong in Europe, and the two large democracies there, exhausted themselves crushing it. Although the USA was descendant, allied and friend to France and Britain, it took its sweet time to come to their help, and messed up with Germany as much as it could to make a bad situation worse. The result? The USA owned (most of) the world.
American plutocracy had to go somewhere else for big profits. It turned to the world, and changed modes of exploitation, going to a business supported by a worldwide network of military bases more extensive than any before. But first the problem was that Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands, Portugal, and other Europeans were in the way. Local despots were used for leverage, and a succession of surfing on various wars solved the problem in one generation. Sometimes the same enterprising Americans helped both Stalin and Hitler (let’s drop a name: Harriman). Arab despots were so wealthy, arrangements with them proved most lucrative (that will remind one of earlier arrangements with African kings for the slave trade).
It was all a bit iffy. The connections between Nazism and US plutocracy should have been very difficult to hide, had the American people a critical sense appropriate to democracy. So God helped, just as it had helped for slavery, holocausts, and the like.
God would help the plutocracy as it switched from exploiting a particular color of skin. to all skins. The key to exploitation is to bestow on people the minds of sheep. Nothing like Christian religion for this, because it is crammed with contradictions construed to kill all trust in logic in the believer (example, as Muslims would point out, for Christians, 3 = 1). The Plutocracy forced God fundamentalism on the people: “In God We Trust” was imposed in 1956. After making the common folk stupid, God would tell Bush to invade Iraq.
The plutocratic parabola went skyward under Clinton (following Rubin’s advice). Under Bush the entire plutocracy became so crazy that the entire world could not ignore it anymore. It got the idea of conquering the world physically, or at least, where the oil was. France, the progenitor of the USA in at least three ways, seeing that the US was losing all its bearings, got in the way. But that was not enough: flushed with hubris, and ever bigger bubbles, the plutocracy avenged itself by engaging in ever more dangerous and abusive financial practices. Having had to forget the enslavement of Africans, the plutocracy had the revelation that most Americans could be treated as means to ever greater riches. In a sense the new “blacks” were the entire middle class.
But going to war is dangerous: one never knows what will happen. The American plutocracy tripped in Iraq. Its defeat is absolute: the treasury got drained, the infrastructure (material, mental and spiritual) went down, and middle class income started to falter as energy prices balloned. To save itself, the middle class defaulted, exploding the corrupt banking sector, and the pieces flew all over the world, in one of the greatest humiliation ever to be seen.
SLAVERY AND RACISM, AND ITS MODERN DESCENDANTS, WILL NOT BE THOROUGHLY ERADICATED UNTIL THE FULL DEFEAT OF PLUTOCRACY, A PRE CONDITION TO THE FULL RETURN TO DEMOCRACY:
Some will say the USA is a democracy, 120 million people just voted. But democracy is not JUST about voting (besides that’s a low rate of participation: the USA has 305 million citizens).
Democracy is also about having democratic institutions. For example, teaching establishments not exclusive to the rich is a must in a democracy. Unfortunately, that’s increasingly not the case in the USA; the plutocracy pretty much controls higher education. (Yes, Obamas, Barack and Michelle went to Harvard, but that is mostly token; true Obama may well prove the undoing of the plutocracy, but we are not yet there!)
Democratic health is also a must (in the Middle Ages, the rich and the poor looked like two different races, from the different circumstances of their health; there is quite a bit of that coming back in the USA, with the obesity epidemic).
Slavery and racism are not out there, a flaw of the white American race. Slavery and racism are flaws of the American system of thought that originated as tools of the rich in America, while English American society devolved back to savagery. The Puritans were praying to “God”, so that they may themselves could prey, just like “Him”.
The greater war of rich against poor is far from won: many mass psychological structures of the USA support the plutocracy, not the People. Just look at the coins; they do not trust the People as the One “E Pluribus Unum” was the original slogan of the USA, but not anymore: the plutocracy saw the danger and ordered a switch to the Bible and its jealous, crazed, infanticidal God. The coins now order us to trust another one, “God”, the one that taught us slavery and brought the invasion of Iraq (among thousands of similar goodies).
New modes of exploitation were found (health care, biased to the rich tax code, cheating on inflation, subprime, etc.). The entire American people were enslaved, and felt black, in more ways than one.
Well, it may be time to remember that Rome did not have racism, but Rome had plutocracy, and ultimately, that plutocracy destroyed Rome.
Conclusion: THE HEAD OF THE PLUTOCRATIC SNAKE HAS NOT BEEN CUT OFF, YET ITS VENOM IS STRONG.
After 400 years of slavery and racism, and their consequences, by electing someone half African biologically speaking, the English speaking settlement of America has embraced who it literally burned yesterday. It’s no coincidence that people have chosen to be led by who would have been looked at as a slave a little while ago: Exploitation could not target “blacks” exclusively anymore, so it targeted everybody, and everybody has struck back by tasking slavery as the new symbol, a bit like the Christians took the cross..
Obama sincerely wants real change. But the idea of plutocracy, as what is best, and what knows best, at the helm of America, is 400 years old. The enormous material and military successes of the USA intuitively long led people to believe the USA was been on the right track. This happens in all aggressively expanding empires. With plutocracy at the helm of the USA, civilization is on a collision course with the USA.
It’s plutocracy that destroyed the Roman republic from inside and even the empire. The Athenian republic was destroyed in exterior wars with fascism, the ultimate stage of plutocracy.
Recent polls show that US citizens believe the USA is not on the right track. This gives hope. Doubt is a first step towards a better wisdom. What should Obama do?
Well, being very mentally creative is the only way out. Thus tapping the internet to tap the minds of the multitude without going through the structures corrupted by the plutocracy, should help. Learning to distinguish good ideas, unattached to authority to back them up, is a must.
But first of all, the plutocrats should be thrown out of the living room, sent to pasture, and taxed and regulated close to extinction. Athens during her greatest age was plutocrat free, and that was no accident.
Time to “think anew and act anew” as Lincoln put it.
ANNEX: THE BIOLOGICAL ROOTS OF PLUTOCRACY AND DEMOCRACY:
In a nutshell: plutocracy is a trick of small brains, democracy the strategy of big brains.
BASIC ETHOLOGY: WHY INSECTS HAVE PLUTOCRACIES, AND FREE HUMANS DO NOT:
Insect societies are natural plutocracies. Why? Because insects breathe through their skins, and the ratio of skin to interior volume goes down as size augments. Thus they cannot have big brains. To make sufficient mind, insects have to add many small ones. Social insects create fascist and plutocratic societies, or they could not be. Feeding special foods activate particular epigenetics, turning on special genetics, some animals end as workers, others as warriors, and a queen is born.
Big centralized breathing allowed the evolution of large terrestrial animals that supported big brains making individuals so completely autonomous that they could afford to experiment with new behaviors. Lamarckian style epigenetics went along for the ride (so now behavior came to guide evolution).
These neurological possibilities in turn made the occurrence of inventing new ways of behaving something that created a new, virtual universe that could be ordered by selection. Biological evolution used this maximally, and brainy species appeared all over. Yes, even sheep. The new selective pressure evolution found was to develop new ways, seen first only in the mind’s eye.
LESS BASIC PRIMATE ETHOLOGY AND ITS PRIMATE PRINCIPLE I THINK, THEREFORE I LIVE.
Primates pushed this even further, as they developed a biological physique to do whatever.
Little hands and feet to grab the world, stereoscopic color vision to observe it fully, large brains to analyze it, appeared in prosimians. Prosimians were intrinsic little engineers, that is how they survive.
Diminutive Golden Tamarinds, a new world monkey that looks like a micro lion with hands, feet and hyper intelligent eyes, will do whatever with their environment. They do not do one thing super well. They do not come with an advanced specialization as less advanced species do. They do not use nanotechnological skin to streak through water at 80 kilometers an hour, as the Malko shark does. They do not fly above the Himalayas as some geese do. They do not run fast. They just invent devious ways, to turn around what nature proposes at first sight.
Intrinsically primates evolved to be equalitarian as far as developing and presenting ideas. Equality gave a greater place to ideas. Many minds in parallel suggest more ideas than a few minds at the top. Societies of brainy animals depend upon their mental capability to generate the correct ways. To each chimpanzee group its own culture, fruit of its own idea generating capability, which crucially depends upon having many minds contributing. Spiritual democracy is no luxury among chimps, it’s how they survive. All the more since they do not have enough of a language capability to transport information at a distance (so each chimp culture is a world on its own).
One has to understand the following biological principle with enormous practical consequences for politics: TAPPING ALL IDEAS OF THE COMMUNITY IS AN EVOLUTIONARY REQUIREMENT IN PRIMATE. Yes, it is their greatest advantage, yes, it is a psychobiological drive they have, but ultimately that is how they CAME TO BE. MENTAL EQUALITY IS US.
P/S 1: Some may say that a discourse such as the preceding one has an anti-American slant. Why not concentrate on the flaws of the British Empire and the French revolution instead? Well, the answer is that racist slavery in the USA was a uniquely vicious combination, probably surpassing the level of horror of old India, long ago. The British caused the American Revolution by trying to prevent the Americans to spill all over Indian lands, and then tried to win it by giving freedom to any slave coming their way. On the face of it, that was all very progressive.
The French, anxious to get even for the loss of Canada, nevertheless encouraged, excited, intervened and won the American Revolution, in a traditional extension of what England and France had been doing for each other in the preceding centuries. But that does not mean they did not find American ways deplorable: even the “Ancient Regime” of the monarch, Louis XVI, forced American exiles in Paris (Jefferson, etc.) to behave as if their slaves were employees, not slaves. Because such was the law. The Merovingian law.
P/S 2: Solon, an archon elected to the Aeropagus, was given extensive powers (inscribed in axones) to change the Athenian Constitution (early sixth century BCE). He rolled back many of the draconian measures of the plutocratic Draco. Many measures of Solon would be viewed as highly socialist today, highly managing of trade and immigration (encouraged for tradesmen). In his poems, Solon condemned greed and arrogance. He also outlawed slavery of Athenians, especially for debt (remember the gage of death Americans are supposed to bear?).