Dear Doug: Well, right, maybe ill-education will win, but it certainly will win if we do not fight. Thus, we still have to fight those school boards made of ignorant, self-righteous pigeons, greedy for the crumbs their masters may provide them with. The fight is more important than the hope of victory, because without the former, there is none of the latter…

Knowledge is ordered not by equality, but by supremacy. The set of knowledge is partly ordered by significance. Supremacy is established by greater significance.

Civilization uses equality, and produces it, to establish greater significance and supremacy…

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]]>I appreciate the post and though sorry to be the one to bring the news to you there will be no room for Buridan in America’s classroom curriculum. By the time our school boards have incorporated all manner of materials from identity groups there is no time left for such stallions of philosophy and mathematics. Time to revisit the heroics of the gay soldier at Valley Forge may be taught in September, but this leaves no time in the spring for D-Day.

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]]>The article is wrong about the relationship between force and acceleration. Buridan, contradicting Aristotle, found around 1350 CE that force = change of momentum (which Buridan introduced, and called “impetus”). Google: Patrice Ayme Buridan.

Buridan, rector of the university of Paris, lover of a queen, adviser to four kings, published “Newton’s” most famous law, three centuries before Newton was born…

The first non-trivial theorems of calculus were derived by Buridan and his numerous students, all over Europe, including Oxford, before 1400 CE (from purely geometric arguments as Descartes invented algebraic geometry 250 years later…)

Buridan’s work extended to logic where he found the modern way to handle the “Liar’s Paradox” (central to Russell’s work and the incompleteness theorems). The Buridan era was a crucial link in the history of systems of thought of humanity.

It is high time to incorporate it in general culture, as our society won’t exist without it.

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]]>Buridan introduced p = mv, called it “impetus” and stated that it did not change if no force was applied. Buridan’s Inertia Law is known as Newton’s First Law. If one reads Buridan carefully, one sees he asserts: Force = Deviation from Trajectory, and dp/dt = Force.

Newton needed this law: dp/dt = F (where F is the Force, by definition). It’s an axiom. (Weirdly the Second Law implies the First…)

Maybe one should establish historical priority and call it Buridan’s law? That was more than three centuries before Newton… And some of Buridan’s students would establish some of the first theorems of calculus (through graphical methods they invented).

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]]>There are a “considerable number” of mentions of Aristarchus of Samos and his heliocentric system, in Plutarch and Al…. including that Aristarchus believed the Sun to be a star, like the other stars.

Actually, the fact that the motion of heavens could simply be the rotation of the Earth was known at the time of Plato, a century before Aristarchus (who mentions it). Much later, William the Conqueror famously mentioned the heliocentric hypothesis as a possibility. So the idea was well-known.

However, stupid Aristotelian physics was in the way. (When I say stupid, I weight my word. It was VERY stupid!) Buridan, by basically inventing the first and second law of “Newtonian”, and the basic idea of Riemann (used by Poincare’-Einstein) that force showed up as linear trajectory deviation, broke the back of Aristotle’s physics, and made the motion of planets in circles, natural…

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Reference on Aristarchus: Charles Eastman, Harvard, 1906:

https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Popular_Science_Monthly/Volume_68/April_1906/The_Earliest_Predecessors_of_Copernicus

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]]>The truth is way worse than the preceding very nice article depicts it. Giordano Bruno is just a well-known case. There were countless others. Printers, for example, were summarily burned alive in France, if they were not approved by the plutocratic and catholic authorities. Copernic himself, although a well-connected man, and an abbot published heliocentrism… while on his deathbed. Copernic had been taught heliocentrism at his Eastern European university, a place where Catholic authorities were hated, since the treacherous burning alive of Prague University professor Hus, earlier.

Thus, 125 years before Bruno was burned alive, the entire work of the greatest genius, the mathematician, logician, physicist, adviser to 4 kings, lover to a queen, rector of Paris University, BURIDAN, had been put at the “Index”. Buridan, who launched, among other things calculus (through his student bishop Oresme) established the difficult part of Newtonian mechanics, and thus rotational inertia, and the heliocentric system… circa 1345 CE… After a delay of two or three generations, Catholicism succeeded to crush all that… for centuries, and, to this day, students go around, and repeat what the Vatican wants them to know: nobody knows Buridan, or that calculus and heliocentrism were known, to some extent, in 1380 CE.

The truth, in full, is that Catholicism instituted the death penalty for apostasy around 381 CE, and for heresy (making a choice). Thanks for the catholic in chief, Roman emperor Theodosius I. Islamism was just an afterthought, 3 centuries later: the cousin of Muhammad was the most famous Christian in Arabia, he told his epileptic, analphabetic, caravan raider cousin what he had seen in the desert (Archangel Gabriel). Islamism copied the ferocity of Catholicism. The only difference is that the SECULAR law kept existing in the West, whereas it completely disappeared under Islam. Also the Franks gagged and civilized Catholicism for more than six centuries (live burnings by Catholicism started in 1026 CE… after six centuries without!)

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]]>Thanks Eugen for the compliment. I wonder what you mean by “putting the relevant parts together”. But I will have a look, I can be pretty incoherent, at least in appearance. I often write loose essays, with many ideas inside to keep them interesting, and pursuing tendrils of unlikely (but influential) causal chains. Instead of being dry and concise. I had a look at Montaigne a year or two ago, and he was using, it seems the same general method, at least in his first essay.

What I tried to say in the ‘Einstein didn’t think of gravitational waves first’ essay

https://patriceayme.wordpress.com/2017/10/03/henri-poincare-not-einstein-discovered-gravitational-waves-111-years-ago/

is that we have to be weary of Einstein. I love Einstein and read him approvingly for decades. Only later did I discover that Lorentz, Poincare’ and others discovered Relativity. Aside from writing a nice abstract in German (1905), and advertizing it don’t really know what Einstein did in Relativity (and I have struggle to understand Relativity for decades, now I think I get it, paradoxes included; it’s like a particular case of my subjacent theory).

Einstein was especially a genius at picking up other people’s ideas. He did that for the Brownian motion, he did it with photoelectric effect, with Planck (Planck was furious). He did it with Relativity (nobody of note said anything). He did if with Bose-Einstein statistics, he did it with the nonlocal EPR.

In the case of the EPR the input from Karl Popper may have been crucial, and one will think that the more, the more Popper one reads. There is actually a POPPER THOUGHT experiment, a variant of the EPR. Of course not as important than my variant of the two-slit.

https://patriceayme.wordpress.com/2017/09/23/sub-quantum-gravitational-collapse-2-slit-thought-experiment/

The crux is that I believe that Einstein made a big mistake in his Photoelectric paper of 1905, justly famous, and for which he got the Nobel (said Nobel.Org). He assumed the particle stayed a particle when in translation, and that led to 112 years of error by physicis viewed as a culture:

https://patriceayme.wordpress.com/2015/03/26/einsteins-error-the-multiverse/

A bit more of defiance vis a vis Einstein may lead to a revolution in Physics…

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