Finally! The most surprising discovery of the last two centuries in science was not the Quantum (that had been sort of anticipated by the Greeks who thought they had demonstrated the existence of atoms, literally non-divisibles; the photon is the atom of light…), nor was it DNA (the discovery that there are laws of inheritance is hundreds of thousands of years old, and make ever more specific with time, as humans learn to breed characteristics, etc.).

NONLOCALITY was an enormous surprise because it contradicted everything… even mathematics, come to think of it deeply enough.

The old approach, which had become crystallized by the ancient Greeks was that the world was made of indivisibles, atoms in nature, points in mathematics. So granular nature and extreme precision.

As my own dad once told me on his own, while I described the Quantum to him, in English translation:”the idea that one can get ever smaller and nothing changes can’t possibly be true”.

What NONLOCALITY says is that if one gets small enough, one ends up somewhere else!

This shatters the expectation that smaller is no different. Instead:

1) smaller is somewhere else.

2) Properties and matter as we expect it, do not exist at a small enough scale. REALIZATION NEEDS LOCALIZATION.  

(the mathematics of QM requires this. Einstein and company objected to the notion, as they put it, that the “Moon does not exist if no one looks at it”… That was an exaggerated objection;  there is a qualitative difference between a very small object and a very large one… At least in SQPR; the drawing from the Swedish Academia is also exaggerated… However, it makes the general idea, clear, in first approximation:

This gives the rough idea: the smallest properties, when at the Quantum scale, do not exist until an interaction has occurred. A lot of open question are connected to this: what of energy-momentum? Does it spread all over, or stays concentrated as in what I called Einstein’s Greatest Error? SQPR has an in-between position: most, but not all, of the enrgy-momentum stays concentrated. It is this lack which created Dark Matter and Dark Energy.

4 October 2022

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2022 to

Alain Aspect

Université Paris-Saclay and

École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France

John F. Clauser

J.F. Clauser & Assoc., Walnut Creek, CA, USA

Anton Zeilinger

University of Vienna, Austria

“for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science”

Entangled states – from theory to technology

Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger have each conducted groundbreaking experiments using entangled quantum states, where two particles behave like a single unit even when they are separated. Their results have cleared the way for new technology based upon quantum information.

The ineffable effects of quantum mechanics are starting to find applications. There is now a large field of research that includes quantum computers, quantum networks and secure quantum encrypted communication.

One key factor in this development is how quantum mechanics allows two or more particles to exist in what is called an entangled state. What happens to one of the particles in an entangled pair determines what happens to the other particle, even if they are far apart.

For a long time, the question was whether the correlation was because the particles in an entangled pair contained hidden variables, instructions that tell them which result they should give in an experiment. In the 1960s, John Stewart Bell developed the mathematical inequality that is named after him. This states that if there are hidden variables, the correlation between the results of a large number of measurements will never exceed a certain value. However, quantum mechanics predicts that a certain type of experiment will violate Bell’s inequality, thus resulting in a stronger correlation than would otherwise be possible [0].

John Clauser developed John Bell’s ideas, leading to a practical experiment. When he took the measurements, they supported quantum mechanics by clearly violating a Bell inequality. This means that quantum mechanics cannot be replaced by a theory that uses hidden variables [1].

Some loopholes remained after John Clauser’s experiment. Alain Aspect developed the setup, using it in a way that closed an important loophole. He was able to switch the measurement settings after an entangled pair had left its source, so the setting that existed when they were emitted could not affect the result [2].

Using refined tools and long series of experiments, Anton Zeilinger started to use entangled quantum states. Among other things, his research group has demonstrated a phenomenon called quantum teleportation, which makes it possible to move a quantum state from one particle to one at a distance.

“It has become increasingly clear that a new kind of quantum technology is emerging. We can see that the laureates’ work with entangled states is of great importance, even beyond the fundamental questions about the interpretation of quantum mechanics,” says Anders Irbäck, Chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics.


Clauser (and others with him, not mentioned by Nobel Com. took entanglement seriously. At the tme it was viewed as a curiosity, not really physics. As a top physicist in my department said:”Serious people don’t do these things, it just gives headaches!”

Personal notes: [0] This depends upon the fact that measuring the spin of a particle in one direction affects the measurement of the spin of the same particle in another direction… which is certainly not the case in Classical Mechanics: if one finds the rotation of a particle in direction x it does not affect a subsequent measurement in direction y…

[1] Nobel Com should have said: quantum mechanics cannot be replaced by a theory that uses LOCAL hidden variables.

And what does “LOCAL” mean? Topology as defined using the speed of light for metric. In other words, nonlocal hidden variables are permitted, and this is what SQPR, a SUB QUANTUM Physical Reality uses.

[2] Aspect thus showed that there was such a thing as a QUANTUM INTERACTION, and it propagates faster than light. The big question is how fast. In excess of 10^23c 

The notion of Quantum Interaction is important. Once one agrees (with Newton) that no interaction can be instantaneous, and once one has identified Quantum Collapse with it, Dark Matter and Dark Energy are near instantaneous deductions.


Anyway, here it is: Nonlocality has become official!

Patrice Ayme 

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  1. benign Says:

    And should do Jacques Benveniste or Luis Montagnier (#2) posthumously, or possibly Dean Radin while alive


    • Patrice Ayme Says:

      Luc Montagnier was a French virologist and joint recipient, with Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Harald zur Hausen, of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology…. For identifying and photographing a virus which is the cause of AIDS (a famous US researcher stole that picture… Which turned out pretty bad for his otherwise stellar reputation….)

      Jacques Benveniste (French: [ʒɑk bɛ̃venist];[1] 12 March 1935 – 3 October 2004) was a French immunologist born in Paris. In 1979, he published a well-known paper on the structure of platelet-activating factor and its relationship with histamine. He was head of allergy and inflammation immunology at the French biomedical research agency INSERM.

      In 1988, Benveniste published a paper in Nature describing the action of very high dilutions of anti-IgE antibody on the degranulation of human basophils, findings that seemed to support the concept of homeopathy. After the article was published, a follow-up investigation was set up by a team including John Maddox, James Randi and Walter Stewart. With the cooperation of Benveniste’s own team, the group failed to replicate the original results, and subsequent investigations did not support Benveniste’s findings. Benveniste refused to retract, damaging his reputation and forcing him to fund research himself, as external sources of funding were withdrawn. In 1997, he founded the company DigiBio to “develop and commercialise applications of Digital Biology.” Benveniste died in 2004 in Paris following heart surgery.[2]

      Homeopathy is an absurdity, as it contradict atomic and molecular science. Homeopathy was long reimbursed by the French state, but this practice of whichcraft stopped under Macron. Benveniste deserved a Quack Bell, not the Nobel….

      This said, the Nobel Com should pay more attention to dead discoverers. They acknowledged John Bell, who discovered the inequality with his name, an Irishman who was CERN head of the the theoretical division… But they should do more. For example dark Matter was truly discovered by Zwicky, a Swiss- then US astronomer… who dies in 1974, while others (Vera Rubin, etc…) were publsihing findings supporting him. Zwicky discovered Dark Matter in the 1930s… And that’s scientifically important, because it mean Dark matter is totally blatant…


  2. ianmillerblog Says:

    Interestingly, I argued ten years ago in my ebook :Guidance Waves” that no such violations of Bell’s Inequalities were demonstrated because the results of the Aspect experiment, while remarkably accurate in terms of measurements, also contradicted the reason why they were entangled and hence the conclusions are not self-consistent. I am about to post a blog on this.


    • Patrice Ayme Says:

      Due to my limitations, I could never understand your objection.
      The basic reason is non commuting variables.
      If I measure spin in x direction, it will affect spin measurement in the y direction.
      So consider an entangled pair {A, B} with total spin zero.
      If I measure Spin (x, A), I get Spin (x, B)… which is -Spin (A, x).
      So far, so good, just like in Classical Mechanics, conservation of angular momentum.
      But Spin is NOT exactly angular momentum, there is this non-commutation trick.
      So now … more laterrrrr….


  3. Ian miller Says:

    Non-commuting variables affect your mathematical description, but they are not a physical effect. What the particle does it will do irrespective of whether you wish to try and calculate it.

    There is a difference when you measure “spin” through polarization filters, though because they affect what you get. As an example. suppose you have vertical polarized light. Put that through a filter at 90 degrees, and nothing goes through. Put it through a filter at 45 degrees and half goes through. Put it through another filter also at 45 degrees to the first and leaving aside natural losses, it all goes through. It has lost all contact with the original polarization. Put that through a filter at either 0 degrees to the original or 90 degrees to the original, and for both you lose a further half the intensity. The filters alter the polarization of what goes through them, and that is a wave property, so you cannot consider commuting variables as if they were particles. That is the peculiarity of quantum mechanics.


    • D'Ambiallet Says:

      Does not non commuting variables reflect physical reality when trying to measure spin. There are these magnets and making an atomic beam go through one then another with different angle changes the first measurement. It eradicate it. That shows non commutation

      Liked by 1 person

    • Patrice Ayme Says:

      Ian Miller says: “What the particle does it will do irrespective of whether you wish to try and calculate it.” Now the “particle” is/or is guided by… a wave W… [In SQPR, it’s nonlinear wave expanding and contracting at a quasi-infinte speed (that allows it to quasi-duplicate Bohm’s quantum potential)… But this is irrelevant here for the most general argument.

      Now if one sets up an experiment E, wave W, being a wave, will interact specially with E. The point is that (W,E) is different from (W, E’), if E is different from E’. Niels Bohr made, basically, that argument to Einstein, who couldn’t understand it… Nor could I, for the longest time.

      But SQPR makes clear why that’s true… And, even simpler, so does the simplest wave mechanics, as long as the wave interfere with the environment. But that, that matter wave interfere with the environment, we know, and have known for a million years, because light coming out of a hole diffracts, or make rainbows coming out of eyelashes….

      More sophisticated, and for spin: Stern-Gerlach magnets….

      We know of “the particle” W because we put some experiment E in its way. W is different from the entangled pair (W,E). This is the core of what Einstein didn’t get.


  4. ianmillerblog Says:

    Further to this issue of commuting variables, take my example of three polarizing filters, and label their orientation A (vertical), B 45 degrees to A, and C horizontal. Now, if I put light through the sequence ABC I get 1/4 of the intensity going through. But if I make the sequence ACB, I get zero intensity. What you get here depends on the order of the operation, which means these filters do not commute, but that is simple classical wave theory. The non-commuting operators of quantum mechanics arise for the same reason – besides particles, there are physical wave properties.


  5. benign Says:

    There is much more to water than current mainstream science knows. Montagnier’s amazing DNA recreation experiments, Benveniste’s work, and Gariev’s finding that a detectable EM image of DNA persists in water after the DNA has been removed were the impetus for my comment. Future Nobels will be awarded in this area.


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