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Martian Fluvial Flows, Placid and Catastrophic

May 25, 2017

Mars lost most of its magnetic field about four billion years ago (ours is doing fine, thanks to a massive nuclear reactor below our feet, keeping extremely fluid a titanic ocean of iron upon which Earth’s mantle floats…).

As a result, solar wind and cosmic radiation have since not been deflected from hitting the Red Planet straight on. Instead, this terrible radiation interacts by direct slashing impact with the Martian ionosphere. We now know this happens mostly during the horrendous, but frequent, Coronal Mass Ejections. This constant whipping keeps the atmosphere much thinner than it would otherwise be as the solar wind action constantly tears away atoms from the outer atmosphere.

Before the loss of (most of) the magnetic field, it’s considered that there was an ocean of water, on Mars. And there were massive water flows, dwarfing anything ever found on Earth. Here is Kasei Valles:

.Mars Kasei Valles

The area shown a above is three times the area of France. The altitude differences are of the order of 6 kilometers between highest (red) and the lowest (blue) terrain…

Should that be true, the possibility of life having started on Mars is very high. As Mars cooled faster than Earth, it’s possible that Martian life appeared hundreds of millions earlier than life on Earth. And that this life on Earth was actually Martian life, transported by impacts.

After that, the planet died.

Still, it’s mysterious: periodically its rotation axis tilts to 40 (forty) degrees. Then poles melt, and the atmosphere thickens…Could then temperature jump up? Could that explain the water flows observed on Mars (we know they are water flow, because, thanks to a French made laser on board Martian robot Curiosity, thousands of rocks have been blasted and their chemistry revealed!)

So what about those massive flows on Mars?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outflow_channels

The massive flows seem to have happened 3,700 million years ago, during the early Hesperian.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hesperian
We know this by crater counts). Methinks that there was then water on Mars surface. Water, and ice. Massive outflows have happened on Earth as recently as 18,000 years ago (Younger Dryas, etc.) When massive glacial dams released oceanic sized sweet water lakes.

I simply think that’s simply what happened on Mars. Simple is beautiful…

Our friend Ian Miller, a research scientist with a long career, proposes a completely different mechanism, the science of which is beyond mine. If nothing else, this contrast between my hare brained simplicity in this matter, and Ian’s sophistication, shows the rich possibilities that working scientists have to consider, when trying to push science forward. And, by the way, even “failed” scientific models can be very useful (actually most ancient scientific models have “failed”, more or less… As they were replaced by more advanced science)

Scienta: fluctuat, nec mergitur!
Science is agitated by the waves, but does not sink!
Patrice Ayme’

ianmillerblog

Despite the fact that, apart localized dust surfaces in summer, the surface of Mars has had average temperatures that never exceeded about minus 50 degrees C over its lifetime, it also has had some quite unexpected fluid systems. One of the longest river systems starts in several places at approximately 60 degrees south in the highlands, nominally one of the coldest spots on Mars, and drains into Argyre, thence to the Holden and Ladon Valles, then stops and apparently dropped massive amounts of ice in the Margaritifer Valles, which are at considerably lower altitude and just north of the equator. Why does a river start at one of the coldest places on Mars, and freeze out at one of the warmest? There is evidence of ice having been in the fluid, which means the fluid must have been water. (Water is extremely unusual in that the solid, ice, floats in…

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Macron Needs To Declare War On Germany

May 14, 2017

Declare war to German policy, as it is, because it is not just driving us to war, but is already part of the increasing war against civilization we are experiencing in so many ways… The refugee problem, and the terror problems are, basically, military problems, and German, and pseudo liberal, or pseudo-leftist obscurantism have been the drivers (as they profit global plutocracy!) Fundamental French problems are global. And global starts next door with a selfish wealth captured German policy. Those global problems which affect the French Republic severely have to be solved, otherwise, la République se retrouvera en marche arrière….

The Need To Teach Those Who Are Supposed To Think, and Act, For Us. Whether we like it, or not:

Merkel, although she was endowed with a physics PhD, although she was raised in East Germany, the child of a pastor who emigrated there, in spite of all this, her world vision is limited (so is Macron’s, although he went to Nigeria as part of ENA in 2002). Nowadays, in this world endowed with lots of immigrants, some, like yours truly, have experienced, and have been raised in maximally opposed cultures (I was raised in Muslim countries with Islams wildly superior to the abominable Islam presently promoted by Middle East plutocrats, and their obsequious servants).

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Wars, Colonialism, Built Civilization, That’s Who We Are:

Actually Macron basically said this, while… Macron expressed a childish, uninformed, wild hatred of colonialism (“a barbarity, a crime against humanity“). Clearly, Macron didn’t think, when he said that, that exhibiting a knowledge of history in-depth was crafty at that point. In truth, we live in a colonial world. Even basic European agriculture is a product of colonialism: Middle-Easterners migrated to Southern Europe, bringing wheat and the like. The Celts were also colons. Estruscan and Greek colons taught cow herders called Romans that reading and writing had its merits. Without Etruscans and Geeks to come around and teach greater intelligence, the Romans would still be living in thickets. Without higher and higher civilization propagating, cannibalism would still be the way.

Most of the world population descend from colons, all the way down to Bantu South Africa. Colonialism is not, per se, evil. The devil is in the details. German colonialism in present day Europe is complete self-destroying nonsense. It’s an economic war, in alliance with global plutocracy, and it’s destroying not just European civilization, but civilization itself.

Notice the explosion of German production after introducing the Euro. It has been a war, and a counter-attack is on the way. Brexit, in a sense, however nonsensical, is part of it. The rise of US production under Obama is related to spending freely money the USA created out of very thin air. Those who really don’t like it, and try to do something about it, will be shot out of the sky. Any question?

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The French Are Getting Angry, The Last Warning against Pluto Europe Was Proffered:

In the last presidential elections, more than 46% of the French voted against Europe as it is. They are not “anti-European”, they are against plutocratic Europe. The official political establishment, the “Socialists” and the right were kicked out. Macron is the eighth president of the Fifth Republic. Why five republics? Because France is in the middle of Europe, across the three easy trade routes between the Mediterranean and the boreal regions. Thus France became the head of the European empire (which itself consisted of up to hundreds of states competing with each others, under complex treaties… Treaty, in Latin Foedus, gave the name of the period, Feudalism. It was launched by the Roman imperial State in the Fourth Century). On and off, France was the largest state, the most organizing, and the most involved in continual wars.

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The pursuit of civilization has been indistinguishable with that of just and correct, successful wars, over the last six millennia:

This has to be said to Merkel. That poor know-nothing of much importance person, is blinded by pacifism, an inhuman streak. European leaders, in general, have learned an erroneous feel-good vision of the world, where all which feels good is best. Fundamentally, it’s a sort of hedonism.

The racist fascist murderous exploitative streak, culminating in Nazism, which came to rule Germany was not persuaded by flowers, but rendered inoperative by millions of tons of high explosives. Prussia had turned the way of the holocaust again in the Eighteenth Century, encouraged and financed by Britain. Its undoing came when France persuaded its ex-vassal Britain to join in militarily destroying the Axis (Germany, Italy, Japan, and explicitly in the end, the USSR).

Ultimately, the Romans, having become civilized, intelligent and progressive, thanks to them, kicked out their Etruscan and Greek overlords. The Etruscans were no pushovers: they had deliberately migrated to the iron rich region of Italy, from Syria, which they had previously invaded as “Peoples of the Sea”. The Greeks were the fiercest warriors of antiquity, with the most advanced tech.  

To master Greeks and Etruscans, the Romans had to become relative supermen, with a super “mixed” constitution. However, the Romans never reached the mental, intellectual creativity of the Greeks. That stay unsurpassed, until the Franks implemented the master strokes of outlawing slavery, tolerating all religions, making universal education mandatory, and minimizing the fascism needed to manage the state..

In the first two centuries of the Merovingians, the Franks fought wars to defend secularism, tolerance, and defeated the Huns, and other non-Frankish remains of Roman military power. Then Clovis’ Franks crushed the Goths in 507 CE, something the Romans could never do, however hard they tried. Then the Franks extended Roman power into Germany, where the Romans had failed to sustainably stay, and went beyond.

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Germany Installed a European exploitation scheme:

The snakes around Kanzler Merkel will deny that they injected Europe with poison. But that’s an outrageous lie, just look at the facts: since the imposition of the Euro in 2002, German industrial production has climbed 50% relative to the rest of the Eurozone (contemplate the graph above). Therein a trick. It’s not because the Germans, who are increasingly old and decrepit, mutated into supermen. It’s because they, in cooperation with global plutocracy, instituted a super trick where only the wealthiest of the rich get financed, and the rest of society is left to die.

Not only did Germany practice social dumping for years, forcing slaves to work for one Euro an hour, in exchange for basic social services (this has been lately discontinued by Merkel, as a minimum hourly salary of 15 Euros or so was introduced; suddenly German labor costs are comparable to the French ones.. But there is lots of inertia in the system: once a French company has disappeared, it can’t re-appear…)

A 2017 Bundesbank report supporting what I said about German banks! (See EURO CHEAT)

Last year only 60% of German banks were not bankrupt according to GAAP. That means 40% German banks were bankrupt, but enabled to keep on financing the economy, thanks to hidden local state subsidy. That’s cheating in the same mood as making a fortune out of cheating the Jews out of their properties in the 1930s. Except now the Europeans are the new Jews.

Only 60% of German banks covered thru earnings their cost of lending (estimated at 8%).

Within 32 months, it’s expected that only 20% of the German banks will be profitable…. And it’s the Deutsche Bundesbank which says that… Not an enemy of German Euro Cheat, but a collaborator in setting-up that thievery…

https://www.bundesbank.de/…/2017/2017_01_27_dkp_01.pdf…

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The Rebellion Clock Is Ticking:

The French have a long rebellious streak, that’s why so much democracy and human rights originated there. Even under the Romans, Gaul revolted, establishing at some point a “Gallic Empire”, complete with legions. Later, in 358 CE, Paris elected the philosopher and Caesar Julian “Augustus” (head of the Roman empire; Julian unfortunately died in present day Iraq, on the battlefield).

Let’s try positivism. Elected King Macron goes see head of Germany Merkel Monday. The Franks elected kings for 12 centuries (300 CE until Jean I in 1315 CE; a baby born a king and poisoned as a king, probably, 5 days later; this is when things went down big time). After that, elections were more sketchy. Hopefully King Macron is going to Berlin not to take orders, but to tell Merkel that she has to change her ways, right away.

Merkel has to start to be told the truth: her antics about refugees caused Brexit. The best way, when confronting an infamous regime, mass violating human rights is not to accept half of the population as refugees, but to go to war and destroy the regime. In other words, France was right to declare war to Hitler September 2, 1939.

I don’t fancy the concept of king. But let’s be positive, there have been good kings. Clovis was certainly a good king: in very difficult circumstances, he scored like 100%, philosophically, politically, religiously, militarily. Bathilde, Charles Martel, Charlemagne, Henri  III and Henri IV were also excellent kings, also in very difficult circumstances. So let’s float (once again!) some ideas which could make Macron a good king.

If Macron does not implement right away the right, and biggest ideas, he will fail, and quickly. In a way, he is well positioned: the biggest most important ideas pass through Berlin. So Macron should give Berlin a very hard time, while going easy on the French population before the legislative elections.

Indeed, the problems of France have to do, first of all, with how the currency and money making finances the entire economy.

Many do not understand this. France SHOULD NOT BE a household with only so much money at her disposal (given by the Gross Mutter somewhere). The American, Indian, Russian and Chinese economies work by creating money where and when needed strategically.

In the USA money is created in many ways. Federal government spending is just one of them.  

Sure enough the German Finance Minister, Wolfgang Schäuble, who is in a wheelchair because he was shot long ago, let it be known that France could get her (Federal) State Deficit below 3% (Euro rule). France is at 3.4%. What Schäuble forgets is that it is the French Republic, not Germany, which is fighting fascism. That costs money. Not just the fighting, but financing the military-industrial complex which makes the weapons.  

In 1940, the French Foreign Legion, then 33,000 strong, disembarked (twice) in Norway, which had been invaded by the Nazis. The French tried to cut the Iron Road”, which was bringing the world’s highest grade iron from North Sweden to Hitler. The french defeated the Nazis, and got ready to cut perfidious Sweden in two. (However France fell then, thanks to the crazy Hitler throwing most of his army, undetected on three small roads in the Ardennes mountains… a performance to be half repeated four and a half-year later!).

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Germany has to share the economy, and give France the means to ensure the defense of civilization, beyond Trump (and the incoherent Theresa May).

Germany has also to let France have the means of her social policy. One cannot tolerate any longer that US, or world laws which put France at a disadvantage, are tolerated by Europe. For example, the US closes its government markets to EU goods, but not reciprocally. GMO foods of non-EU origin are sold in France, but the French are forbidden GMOs.

In the USA, when money is needed, it is made. By the GOVERNMENT: that’s how the US swallowed French giant Alsthom. Swallow enough French giants and France will become a dwarf, clearing the way for the final victory of plutocracy, 225 years after French guns won at Valmy.

That frre creation of money is called the deficit, and, as Trump would be happy to tweet you (and any US policy makers behind closed doors) debt is OK, as long as you are the one with the gun, and the only sheriff in town. In the USA, the deficit is allowed to run wild.

Germany, of course is different. Like many countries who have done very bad, it prefers to die off, with a dismal reproduction rate. So it’s not friendly to debt.

A French helicopter, the Airbus X3, has the world speed record of 487 kilometer per hour (fast copters generally do not make more than 300 km/h). High technology is where the future of Europe, if any, lays. It has to be fed by the best science (Enrico Fermi who discovered the neutron inches ahead of Irene Curie, later became scientific head of the US nuclear bomb project).

Merkel has no choice. Macron is the last warning. She better listen to him carefully, there is infinitely worse getting mentally ready out there. Next time the patriots are not going to be as dumb and unprepared as Marine Le Pen, or Melenchon were in the last campaign. It’s not just a question of being anti-German, or anti-EU. As it is, the present EU governance and the present German governance are anti-Europe, and pro-global plutocracy. If we explain it long enough, and if official censorship can be turned around (not an easy task!), We The People is going to get the picture. Sparks will fly.

In retrospect, there was nothing terrible about the First French Republic. It was a mistake for the world’s plutocrats to have unified against it (as British PM Loyd George would admit, 120 years later…) However, at the time many (such as the Rothschilds) crowed for all to hear that they acquired government control from it, no less. Alright. But history does not quite repeat itself, when people know about it.

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Conclusion: Institute Quantitative easing for We The People (instead of the present form, which is only for the wealthiest). Let French deficits run, while feeding the French military money as needed (and lots is needed, because it’s to Europe to re-establish order in its own suburbs like the Middle East, Africa. Accepting 500 million refugees is not the humanitarian solution, the humanitarian solution is just wars, and imperial control by higher civilization). Another interest: it would bring the Euro way down, something needed considering the overall employment crisis.

Block and, or tax, all imports into the European Union from countries doing social dumping. Such as T-shirts made by children in Bangladesh, or Medical Doctors imported from India. Impose a carbon tax, massive (it’s OK with the WTO).

Macron should also impose the referendum habit, by modifying the Constitution (Referenda are what make Switzerland and California rich) . Why not organize pan-European referenda, for example about the carbon tax, or a tax on financial transactions?

Macron can’t make any serious reforms in France in the next month. But he can operate a sickle move, by cutting the grass under queen Merkel’s feet. That would increase Macron’s popularity in France. So what’s not to love?

A man character is his crate. Macron wanted to become king. He is. I believe kings are so yesterday. Meanwhile, advanced philosophy shall collaborate with reality, namely that people want kings, and queen. Since it’s all about the power, make the forces of oppression and regression feel it. The Republic has to march, or it will falter, and so will civilization.

Patrice Ayme

French Already Too Corrupt To Care If President Is Corrupt?

May 9, 2017

Plutocracy is to civilization what metastatic cancer is to individuals. It kills just as well, with malignant growth. How this cancer appears and generalizes as the new normal is of the essence.

France has a new, 39-year-old president. The younger, the more they can be influenced. When that president was in his twenties, after doing ENA, a school for those who want to order around the baffled French populace, Macron was named inspector of finances, an elite government group. That group should now fall under extreme suspicion. That inspectorate of finance, a body of half a dozen “untouchables” chosen each year, is in apparent charge of making sure that the extremely wealthy don’t pay taxes, and that the poor tremble in fear at their sight. This way the French contemporary nobility perpetuates itself. As the common rabble crumbles under crushing taxes, they don’t pay any, and some enormous corporations have stayed in the same families for centuries (yes, since before the Revolution of 1789!)

The Republic Is Dead, Long Live the Plutocracy!

Macron’s father was a neurologist, so the plutocracy found a nerve to strike: Macron declared he had to become wealthy before engaging in politics. Henry Hermand, a small-time but lively plutocrat, offered to the young, civil (self-) servant, an apartment in Paris worth  around a million dollars (550,000 Euros when the Euro was much higher than now). Hermand was operating all around Africa, and was part of this pseudo-left which condemns “colonization as a crime against humanity, a barbarity” (Macron, April 2017, speaking from Algeria)… While those same plutocrats were exploiting Africa way worse than they could have done under a colonial administration (the whole idea of proffering “left” ideas, while cashing in!)

When a “civil servant” accepts a million dollar gift, in his twenties, plutocracy knows it has found an ideal tool. Once he knew how to cheat taxes by giving the right phone calls, Macron went to Banque Rothschild to earn 50,000 Euros a week (that we know of).  

Small fries, said the French electoral process. Now, I am not too naive to believe corrupt individuals cannot do good. After all, Montaigne, the philosopher himself, was very close to ultimate power in France (he was in the highest circles around Henri IV). In Russia, characters such as Czar Peter The Great did lots of good, even though Peter personally broke some people he knew all too well, on the wheel, all by himself, in spite of their pleas.

And corrupt Caesar, the most corrupt of them all, may well have saved the Roman Republic, had he lived.

However, Macron seems to be no Caesar. It seems unlikely to conquer Rothschild, Goldman Sachs and their ilk. Rather like Obama, he looks anxious to cash in. Apparently Obama, not content with getting 400,000 dollars from Cantor-Fitzgerald, got just as much, in exchange for talking with an “historian”, says presidential historian Doris Kearns Goodwin. She informs us that Obama was “in very good spirits”, while he talked to them wealthy historians, for 400,000 dollars. Indeed, if every time he opens his mouth he gets 400,000 dollars, he should be in good spirits. Far removed from us the times when President Truman retired: he then asked ten, or twenty dollars for a speech. “Otherwise it would demean the office of the presidency”, Truman said.

There was a time for true men.

Now is the time for fake men.

To go along with fake news, fake cognition, fake wisdom.

Macron spent his youth going from one “pere de substitution” (substitution father), to another (this “substitution father” concept is a quote from French State TV, Antenne 2/Tele 5 Monde, May 8, 2017, I am covering my legal butt! Macron hooked old men, they said…) Hooking up with these elder gentlemen, including the famous philosopher Paul Ricoeur, and a galaxy of the powerful in Paris, enabled him to navigate for his personal best. The ultimate value, Obama told us.

But not a value the earth, let alone civilization, can afford.

Indeed, financial corruption, and the corruption of politicians, a class which should not exist in democracy, ultimately creates intellectual, even mental corruption. Including the inability to know what corruption is. Or to guess what reality could be. Thus, a corrupt political system in the end make idiots of the whole population. And the more corrupt, the more idiotic. So the corruption and the idiocy go hand in hand, down the abyss of dysfunctionality. When that corruption has weakened the civilization enough, a slight breeze is enough to bring it down. Idiots will, of course, accuse the breeze.

Patrice Ayme’

“Experts” Can, & Ought To Be Dismissed, Considering State of Society, Planet

May 3, 2017

Are contemporary “experts” collectively affected by the Dunning-Kruger Syndrome? And does their lack of skill explain their position of power conferred to them by the powers that be ? This is what We The People are starting to suspect!

The establishment’s media bemoan all over that “demagogues” lead We The People in doomed “populist” wave. This is semantic non-sense: democracy means “people-power”, demagogue means “people-leader”. And “populist” comes from “populus” which means “peuple” (French) and then “people” (English). Thus the establishment actually bemoans  democracy.

A line of attack of the establishment is that we are morons, unable to comprehend our world, and not even deserving of the little “democracy” we have. As Aeon ponders in “Our world outsmarts us : “Are humans too cognitively limited to be effective citizens in the modern world? Social problems are fantastically complex, while human minds are severely under-engineered. Is democracy doomed? What if, as a species, the vast majority of us have a profoundly challenging collective difficulty with mathematics and science analogous to …dyslexia?”

The essay is written by a hyper mandarin, a total expert, Robert Burton. Mr. Burton is a neurologist, author and the former associate director of the department of neurosciences at the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center at Mt Zion. His writing has appeared in The New York Times, Salon, and Nautilus, among others. His latest book is A Skeptic’s Guide to the Mind: What Neuroscience Can and Cannot Tell Us About Ourselves (2013).

Mr. Burton rolls out the Kruger-Dunning syndrome which concludes that “People who lack the knowledge or wisdom to perform well are often unaware of this fact. That is, the same incompetence that leads them to make wrong choices also deprives them of the savvy necessary to recognise competence, be it their own or anyone else’s.”

It apparently did not dawn on misters Kruger and Dunning that the effect they “observed” has a much simpler explanation. It’s not even very Machiavellian, it has to do with self-esteem. Instead the Dunning-Kruger “effect” (which may not be real, as I suggested) is extremely useful to the establishment, as it enables it to claim its critics are sub-normal, subhumans. 

As Obama would say: the only change we can believe in, is Roman emperor style of change. Obama gave us quite a bit of it, of course dwarfed by the trillions he gave to banks through “Quantitative Easing”. Oh, sorry, forgot it’s the private-public “Fed” which did that… With all the friends of Obama inside, accompanied by all these experts in how to defraud the public…

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Are We Idiots, Do We Deserve Punishment And Are We Stupid To Be Angry from Just deserving our just desserts?

I replied the following, to the eminent neurological mandarin, Mr. Burton, graciously published by Aeon:

 

Ironically, the article is suffering from what it haughtily condemns. It implicitly excuses gross, and increasing social inequality by the fact that we are so moronic, we can’t even grasp the possibility that our own imbecility is so great, we can’t even guess the justice of it all. Instead of getting angry at the increasing inequality, we should understand it’s a natural consequence of our cerebral shortcomings.

Hey, you idiots are not even appraised of the twisted jargon used in some medical statistical semantics! What the brain weak author does not realize is that this is jargon, and that jargon is used to make those who understand it stronger. It’s a form of inequality. Jargon makes strong, and its wisdom is inequality, telling people they are morons.

Take the coin example: right, if a coin chosen haphazardly falls the same way 20 times in a row, the next one should come the other way. But there is little wisdom therein. There is more wisdom to be alert to the possibility of systematic bias. If someone produces dice which fall specially 20 times in a row, I may suspect that said dice are piped.

This was just demonstrated for Pound currency trading in Great Britain. Computer analysis show the Pound moves according to what the economic statistics will impel it to move… 24 hours before the announcement. The effect is not found with the Swedish currency. A bit of digging shows that only a handful of people see the Swedish stats, pre-publication, whereas more than one hundred see the British ones. Clearly, there are (very profitable) leaks in Great britain, and they have been making some establishment families very wealthy for a very long time.

Mr. Burton feels smart to declare that “Many of us (me included) can solve the equation f=ma without having any feel for what the equation means” So? The author of that question is too ignorant to know that this is an active research area, and that, not having any “fee” for it is wise. Buridan, introducing inertia around 1350, did away with forces, using only inertia. The idea was taken with much more detail by Riemann in his thesis, when he introduced high dimensional curvature, and the idea that curvature could replace force was further exploited in “Einstein” theory of gravitation (“GR”). It was exploited again by Kaluza and Klein to “explain” electromagnetism and more recent physics (superstrings, Calabi Yau spaces). Ergo, we don’t know what “F” is, and “m” has been hotly debated.  

So is the increasing hostility in society a computer effect? Yes and no: high frequency trading has allowed “quants” like the mathematician Simons to syphon trillions from the public, by leading the market, and using computers and special links to have information other market participants do not enjoy, a form of legal thievery.

More generally, plutocracy has set-up mental traps to divert attention of the public from the real problems. One of these tactics has even a name: Political Correctness.

Others, such as Paul Krugman, are paid handsomely to advertize erroneous theories of how money is created (as I have long claimed; last week, the Deutsche Bundesbank concurred… with the truth as I saw it! Something I found properly stupefying, especially coming from that particular bank… Great, although after 15 years of erroneous expert opinion. Does it have to do with the French election?)

The fundamental problem is increasing inequality and the disappearance of even a semblance of democracy. And the correct answer is anger. First anger, then answer. That’s how progress works.

The most fundamental reason is not justice, and human ethology, although both are very important for optimizing human happiness. The fundamental reason for democracy is smarts. To be overlorded by experts who claim only them don’t have “dyslexia”, is the opposite of democracy.

Patrice Ayme’

Vel D’Hiv Roundup Ordered By the German Nazis, Not “France”

May 1, 2017

When people have forgotten the details, all they remember are moods. Moods, thus, are what drives most human behaviors.

On Mount Athos A monastery proclaims in giant Cyrillic letters: “Orthodoxy Or DEATH”. On Mount Athos, a very long towering peninsula, female animals are outlawed. A human female transgressing that law can be imprisoned for a year. Revealingly, that law was agreed to by the European Union in 2003. This is an example of the “multicultural” mentality reigning in the Union. Meanwhile Merkel was in Saudi Arabia, signing contracts. Saudi Arabia plans to execute a citizen for stopping to believe in Islam. Just a detail, says Merkel, and her followers, through her acts.

The secret of the success of the present civilization is that it is closer than any alternatives, to the true nature of the genus Homo. Multicultural means, in practice that one accepts the primacy of values violating civilization, and thus, human ethology itself. Multiculturalism is what used to be called “nihilism” in Nietzsche’s time.

A way to feed nihilism is to deliberately misinterpret history, by making the good look terrible. This is efficiently done by accusing France of Nazism in World War Two. One of the two remaining candidates to the French presidency, Emmanuel Macron, is doing this in several ways. Apparently to advance his globalist, global financial plutocracy agenda, Macron is busy accusing France of crimes against humanity. If France is a criminal against humanity, why to have it? it’s much better to obey the orders of global plutocracy.

Marine Le Pen had estimated on April 10, 2017, that France  “n’est pas responsable du Vel d’Hiv” (France is not responsible of the Vel d’Hiv round-up). On the face of it, it’s an evidence, whichever way one wants to define “France”:

Those who claim that “France” ordered the arrest of Jews in Paris in 1942 are either ridiculously ignorant and culprit of grave accusations against the civilization which declared war against Nazism. Or then they are vicious liars through and through, who, by accusing France accuse precisely the force that fought plutocracy organized mass murdering fascism. The map shows clearly the German Nazis (not the fascist punks in the US recognized Vichy coup junta) were giving the orders.

However, in 1995 French president Jacques Chirac, not an intellectual, had recognized “the responsibility of France” in the round-up of July 1942. 13,000 Jews had been arrested through Paris.

The short of it is this: France, the French Republic, declared war to Hitler, and the Axis on September 3, 1939, finding herself de facto at war with Germany, italy, Spain, Japan and the Soviet Union. For some weird and complicated happenstance, no help but hostility coming from the USA, France had to ask for a ceasefire on 22 June 1940. The Battle of France had killed around 200,000 soldiers, and was the deadliest battle of the Western front during the five and three-quarter years long Second World War in Europe (not counting the three years prior that in Spain).

As a result, France was occupied and cut in four pieces: a part controlled by a junta in Vichy in the South, a part controlled by fascist Italy in the South East, a part controlled by Nazi Germany, and a part which was Nazi military exclusion zone.

Paris was deep in the part occupied and governed by the Nazis directly. Under Nazi orders, the French police was compelled to arrest refugee Jews (many of them from Germany). Those Jewish refugees were stuck in France, as the USA had refused them entry. The US only accepted celebrity refugees, such as Nobel Prizes and the like (Einstein, Fermi, Teller, Ulam, etc.)

By the way, at the time the Holocaust of the Jews was not official knowledge, anywhere. It was kept secret by the Anglo-Saxons, the Nazis, and other powers that be.

So the responsibility of France in this?

It exists: France declared war to Hitler. And many still regrets this, apparently.

But the Junta in Vichy was not giving the orders in Paris. The Nazis were. Also the Junta in Vichy was not France: it was a coup. OK, that coup was recognized right away by US President FD Roosevelt, who immediately sent his right-hand man, four star Admiral Leahy. FDR was busy pursuing his business opportunities with Hitler.

So what’s Macron’s game? Making the French ashamed of France, and anxious to pay their respect to Macron’s employer, Banque Rothschild, which gave him millions. And their ilk. Meanwhile Le Pen proposed a double currency system: the Euro as common currency, plus a local Franc. Europe used a similar system for more than 15 centuries, at the time when it invented the civilization we enjoy now.

Macron is a vicious liar, or an arrogant ignorant. Not a comfortable perspective for those who want to resist the increasing power grab Nazism itself was only a part of.

Through foundations, trusts, anonymous companies, plutocratic universities, media ownership (some dating from the 19th century, as with the banning and censoring New York Times), the same class and its descendants are pulling the strings, not just in one country, but worldwide. They are united by greed, and the will to power, not race: already Hitler got support from the rabidly anti-Jew Henry Ford, and thousands of German Jews (some plutocrats, as the Warburgs, who got even associated to Zyklon B and the extermination program!) . US President Jackson was already infuriated, even on his deathbed, against the Rothschild bank. He would not have been surprised one of its employees is running for French president…

Patrice Ayme’

Truths May, and Will, Vary

April 25, 2017

“Arum Lily”, Zantedeschia Aethiopica is a species of flowering plant in the family Araceae, native to southern Africa in Lesotho, South Africa, and Swaziland. Here it is, south of San Francisco:

Arum Lily. In California, authorities hate French Broom, a very pretty and soft plant, which often displace the horrendous native, Poison Oak. Poison Oak can kill. However, Californian authorities believed it was moral to use poison to eradicate the French Broom and a species related to artichokes, with enormous ecological damage. Just because of the erroneous belief that immigrants have to be eradicated, even if they looked innocuous.

This is a perennial plant from South Africa, an immigrant to California (and much of the rest of the temperate world). A vegetal Elon Musk which has taken root, literally (Musk is from South Africa).

Some hate immigrants. It was long an obvious ecological truth that immigrant species were necessarily evil. However, the most recent scientific studies show that immigrant life forms are not necessarily bad. Immigrants can help the ecology by replacing disappeared taxa. An example is Tasmanian Blue Gums giving shelter to Californian Monarch butterfly (endangered).

Just as with artichokes and French Broom, Californian authorities embarked on an eradication campaign of giant Blue Gum Eucalyptus, without planting other trees to replace them. Result? Poison Oak, which grows extremely fast in any place disrupted by human activity, exploded, and a drought occurred (one could argue). Another result is that the Californian Monarch, which had learned to reside in the immigrant Blue Gums, is now nearly eradicated… Some will point the finger at Neonicotinoids, no doubt responsible, as was a de facto eradication campaign of native “Milkweed”. Neonicotinoids, a new type of insecticides, eradicated bees worldwide (and were outlawed in France in 1999…)

Wherever Europeans went, they brought European fauna and flora with them, displacing and replacing local species (even indigenous bees). This curious superiority of all things European is no accident: immigration to Europe has long been massive, it has been extremely diversified, for millions of years. As Nietzsche, said, Europe could say:’What does not kill me, makes me stronger!’ Europe is actually a cocktail of immigrants (even the Celts are immigrants, even much European agriculture, let alone Cro Magnon Man descended from immigrants, and… so did Neanderthals…)

In matters scientific, truths are often rendered quite different, under closer inspection. Although the scientific method didn’t change since there are humans, and they made tools, scientific truths continually evolve significantly. The concept of time itself has endured enormous changes in the last 140 years, and there are two of them, quite different and opposed, as we try to think today. The principle dogmas of biology have been shown to be just this, obsolete dogmas (cephalopods modify their genetics in real-time, and there is evidence that’s connected to their intelligence: the more intelligent a cephalopod, the more it can modify it’s RNA).

Truth in some textbooks, lies beyond them. Science is not a cult with dogma, aside from the obligation of thinking anew.

Patrice Ayme’

French Presidential Elections, First Round

April 21, 2017

Eleven candidates for the first round of the French presidential elections. Each of them has some good ideas. Meaning, all of them have some bad ideas. Four of them may hope to reach the second round.

The usual classification is this: Marine Le Pen, extreme right, Francois Fillon, right, Emmanuel Macron, center, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, extreme left. Well, I don’t agree with that classification. I have another, founded on different criterions. Let me give an example.

French Guyana is on strike: people there are asking for two billion Euros to put universities, schools and the health care system (hospitals, etc.) up to the average of the rest of France. However the (“Socialist”) government declared that there was no money. Reality check: the European Central Bank (ECB) is giving 2.7 billion Euros a day to some of the world’s richest banks, day after day, month after month, year after year. Guyane: zero. Richest managers in the world: all the gifts they can dream of.

France is not just a country, but a civilization which needs to be defended. Actually the one and only civilization we have. Tolerance of intolerance is not tolerant, just conducive to terminal abuse.

The ECB is duplicating the policy of Quantitative Easing of the Federal Reserve bank of the USA, under Obama. Such a policy only augments inequalities, because its aim is to make the wealthiest wealthier. The establishment will deny the obvious, yet, that’s what is going on: the money could be given to We The People directly (Quantitative Easing For the People).

Certainly, money should be provided for modern services to Guyane. But no, money is only for the hyper rich. Those who govern have interest to make the rich richer, in the hope the rich will remember it later.

Meanwhile, as I explained, the bankrupt small German banks are used as a vehicle to provide to German industry with massive subsidies.

Ironically, I used to trash Paul Krugman for being against the Euro. But, like Trump, I am ready to change my mind. Actually I didn’t really change my mind: Paul Krugman and other Euro-phobes were anti-Euro for the wrong reasons.

Paul Krugman and company are complicit in the Quantitative Easing way applied in the USA, and now the EU. So they could not have the correct objection. My own objection is different: the ECB (just as the Fed in the USA) has been helping the rich get richer (be they plutocrats, or the entire German economy).

Marine Le Pen and J-L Mélenchon have the same position about the Euro: re-negotiate, submit the accord to a referendum. I approve.

***

Islamist Judges and Their Ilk:

The other dimension which I find crucial is the will to defend civilization against fanaticism. We have seen it all before: starting shortly before 1100 CE, a new barbarity rose in Europe, the Crusades. The First Crusade was to some extent justified, however it was conducted under completely atrocious conditions, including cannibalism, from Alsace, to Jerusalem. It got even worse later, with ever worse crusades, including the extermination of millions of Cathars, the ejection of Jews, and the apparition of the so-called “Inquisition”, one speciality of, was to burn people who dared to bring books. This ever greater degeneracy culminated in outright “wars of religions”, which cursed through Europe for two centuries. By 1700 CE, Germany had lost a third of her population, the dictator of France, not content with kicking out the Jews, had tried to  kick out the Protestants, and so on. In the Eighteenth Century, all this was reversed… At least in France and Great Britain (Prussia/Germany and Austria was a very different matter: except during conquest by the French, Jews were racially excluded).

Now we have a similar development of intolerance, propped by Fundamentalist Islam, in both its Shiite and Suni variants. The degree of intolerance is considerable, as works of Voltaire on Islam cannot be shown today. The engine of the Islamist invasion is a whole class of intellectuals… But they actually do exactly what the great masters of plutocracy who lead Washington and New York want them to do, namely propped anti-intellectual, inhuman obscurantism, favorable to their own machinations. Melenchon said part of this. Le Pen and Fillon have claimed they would take much stricter stances against Islam.

(I didn’t mention Macron, a French Obama who studied philosophy: it’s indeed the same as Obama, a candidate of the financial statu quo ante, let’s tweak here and there. I may have to talk about him more, as he has a high probability to make it to the secondround…)

Human beings are naturally abusive, especially when there are too many of them. Tribal effects is how they get stronger. At some point, some tribes can go very wrong: consider Stalinism, Nazism, Spanish fascism, Maoism, Khmer Rouges, etc. Each killed millions, even dozens of millions of innocent people, just because they could, and to encourage the others.

***

Many say: “Oh, but Fillon is corrupt.” The same would admire Obama. Obama is dozens of times richer than Fillon, for a much shorter political career. And it’s not because the USA is dozens of time richer than France. Others will say:”But Le pen is racist.” No, Le Pen is not racist. Not anymore than Trump. Some fear that Mélenchon is a great danger. Well, he cannot govern along. Parliamentary elections are coming, they will determine the Prime Minister, who really govern. The President is more into directing nuclear fire where needed….

***

Time to stop the way the Euro is abused, time to stop Islamophilia. That’s what I recommend. That leaves few candidates to chose from. There is only so much abuse a civilization imbued Republic can take before reacting, lest it wants to be destroyed.

Patrice Ayme’

Look Within, Or Perish Without

April 8, 2017

My friend Meghan Ward: Van Jones was amazing at City Arts and Lectures tonight. He spoke a lot about prison reform, he cried when talking about Prince and America’s opioid addiction problem, and he strongly urged liberals to quit whining about Trump and look within…”

A college professor, Susan Ito, replied: Um…. look within and then what?” #Confused.

Really confused! Lots of people are confused these days, by the simple proposition of introspection. This is 26 centuries after the Oracle Of Delphi’s Temple of Apollo fronticipe  was adorned with:”KNOW THYSELF!” The aphorism came from Luxor, in Egypt (Egypt founded, to a great extent, Greek civilization! Thus ours: the greater Indo-European area is actually one single civilization, for the last 12,000 years…)

Full inscriptions the details of what “Know Thyself” exactly meant were etched in stone thousands of years ago, and can still be read today, in the original stone.

Civilization rests on “Know Thyself”. Because all intellectuals, and even the scientists have to look inside themselves and ask how it is that they came to know what they believe they know.

Now, confused college professors don’t have a clue about what looking within brings.

But they teach. What do they teach? How can they teach when they miss the essential method enabling us to find out what we know? 

***

Look within and realize that most so-called “liberals” are everything but liberal. Look within and realize most self-described progressives and realize they are everything you can possibly imagine, but certainly not progressives. Look within and realize that so-called “philanthropists” are nothing but filthy plutocrats leading by the nose the so-called “democratic” party, which is nothing but their instrument of world domination, ever since president plutocrat FD Roosevelt ruled in the craftiest manner.

Look within and realize that nearly the entire media is owned and controlled propaganda by the world’s richest people, and that this propaganda enabled them to pay no taxes and disguise their influence.

An example: I talked recently to an extremely influential heir of an immense US fortune, in charge of energy policy. He informed me Trump did not have a brain. Indeed, as most plutocrats do, his influence goes through half a dozen tax-free institutions which feed professional “democrats”. Superficially, he poses as a “progressive”. During our trustful conversation, among people of wealth and taste, however, he turned out that all his positions are extremely hard-core extreme right, conservative, pro-inheritance, wealth oriented, and insisting that the poorest should work hard, even when they have not enough money to live (“to keep them motivated”… we thought about that, he added, “we” studied carefully). Although one of the US’s most prominent ecologists, he is against a carbon tax, even when confronted to explicit graphs… It goes without saying that he helps to inspire, if not control, several of the world’s most prestigious universities…

This sort of wealthy, endowed, privileged creatures rules the “democratic” party, pay the payrolls, in universities, media, companies and build the minds and hearts of the so-called “democrats”. So their victims, We The People, are enraged, and they vent their rage in the direction they have been told to, by those who control their minds, towards scapegoats known as the Republicans and Trump.

However, when the so-called “Democrats” were in total control (2009-2010), they did nothing more significant than lowering taxes on the hyper-rich and literally sending 8 trillion dollars to the richest US corporations. Apparently the immensely wealthy controllers of pseudo-democratic party thought they were not getting enough help under Bush. So they asked, and received, more than half the yearly GDP, thanks to that lanky, telegenic Kenyan boy…

Seriously abominable, not to say obaminable.

Delphi was closed by the order of the fascist Christian tyrant, Roman emperor, Theodosius in 385 CE. Because Christian fanatics didn’t want people to look within, and realize they believed in the madness their superiors had ordered them to believe in, so that said superiors could exploit them some more.

Look within, or regress. Indeed, civilization cannot stand still. Civilization uses the world, exhausts it. Civilization has to invent new tricks, never used before. Or it dies.  At that point, when death threatens, civilization has to ask itself how is it that it thinks it knows what it knows. Absent this, one falls in the backwardness of Christianism, Islam, or what Qin Shin Huang tried in China.

Beginning in 213 BC, at the instigation of his chancellor Li Si and to avoid scholars’ comparisons of his reign with the past, Qin Shi Huang ordered most existing books to be burned with the exception of those on astrology, agriculture, medicine, divination, and the history of the State of Qin. This would also serve the purpose of furthering the ongoing reformation of the writing system by removing examples of obsolete scripts (an ongoing preoccupation). Owning the Book of Songs or the Classic of History was to be punished especially severely. According to the Records of the Grand Historian, written a century later, the following year Qin Shi Huang had some 460 scholars buried alive for owning the forbidden books.

Li Si would organize a tricky coup after the death of Qin: he persuaded the chosen successor to commit suicide. However he was found out later, confessed under torture, and was then cut in half at the wait, a particularly terrible demise.

Tyrannies need people not to realize that all they know was taught by the tyrants, as if the people were dogs. Meanwhile, if civilization does not progress in mental sophistication, it becomes increasingly untenable, be it only from ecological devastation. Fortunately, at least in Occident, revolutions brought a new regime of thought.

But this is not guaranteed, as the Tasmanian Effect shows: a society can progressively forget basic know-how. In some conditions, societies or civilizations were unable to produce enough significant ideas, and, unable to support themselves anymore with the fire of innovation, they imploded, in many ways all too similar to those of old, bloated super red giant stars.

Look within, this is where the truth about truth is found.

Patrice Ayme’

Running Out Of Oxygen: Culture of Greater Inquiry Vs Culture Of Greater Idiocy

April 5, 2017

We are living in the age of idiocy, we are also living in the age of the greatest smarts. It’s a tale of the two psychologies. If idiocy wins, we are doomed, if smarts win, intelligence will blossom in the galaxy.

It all depends upon having enough of a spirit of inquiry. And it’s literally a question of survival, not just honoring the human spirit.

Young and brash idiots, obsessed by power and money, that is, power and power, will scoff.  They will crow “multiculturalism” does it all. However, not all cultures are equally inclined to inquire. And not enough inquiring will smother us all:

No Spirit Of Inquiry, and Soon, No Breathing:

Climate destruction is extending far beyond the threat of melting polar ice caps — it’s threatening to smother us all.

Idiocy Will Smother Us All, Lest We Do Something About Idiocy. Decrease of Oxygen Content In Oceans During the Last 50 years.

A new study published in the science journal Nature in winter 2017 found that the ocean’s worldwide oxygen content has ALREADY declined by more than 2% between 1960 and 2010. Ooopss. Looks like even the idiots will run out of oxygen. This is what I called “Global Hypoxia”:

https://patriceayme.wordpress.com/2014/05/30/global-hypoxia/

Scientists have warned about the ocean’s declining oxygen levels on marine life, and its resulting impact on humans. However the conventional prediction was 1% to 7% down by 2100 CE. Thus the present state of affairs turns out to be much worse than the conventional thinking had it. A study from the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research in Kiel, Germany, by Sunke Schmidtko, Lothar Stramma and Martin Visbeck — considered data dating back to 1960, and compared with the situation in 2010.

Data on oxygen, temperature and other factors relating to the world’s oceans, enabled them to map the overall oxygen loss around the globe.

“We were able to document the oxygen distribution and its changes for the entire ocean for the first time. These numbers are an essential prerequisite for improving forecasts for the ocean of the future,” wrote Schmidtko.

2% may sound like only a small change, yet it doesn’t take much of a drop to change the state of oceans to something completely different. The only organism in the ocean that thrives with little-to-no oxygen is anaerobic bacteria (it’s back to three billion years ago!)

Just a little loss of oxygen in coastal waters can lead to a complete change in ecosystems — a small decrease in oxygen like this can transform from something desirable to very undesirable,” said Professor David Baker, at the University of Hong Kong’s Swire Institute of Marine Sciences.

Oxygen in the world’s oceans is not evenly distributed. 2% drop is just an average. In some parts of the world, there has been a much steeper decline of oxygen levels, bringing dead zones. In 50 years, the North Pacific lost the largest volume of oxygen. The largest percentage lost was in the Arctic Ocean.

“The oxygen losses in the ocean can have far-reaching consequences because of the uneven distribution. For fisheries and coastal economies this process may have detrimental consequences,” wrote Stramma. Yes, to say the least. Mass die-offs is already a fact.

***

Are people more or less inquisitive? Yes. Different cultures have different levels of tolerance for the spirit of inquiry, assuredly:

Cultures more or less revere inquiry. When a culture reveres inquiry, We The People naturally asks how come those who have power got it to start with. Thus any authoritarian, let alone fascist hereditary society, such as the Late Roman empire’s theocracy called “Catholic Orthodoxy”, will be leery to encourage inquiry. The Roman state of the Christian theocrats died of that. And so did all Muslim dynasties.

For example of how inquiry can get discouraged, in the Qur’an, god tells the Believers that there are questions they should not ask, because “god knows and you don’t”. Thus a good Muslim scholar should be careful before asking a question, whether that’s a question which can be asked, or one such that, by asking it, one displeases the divinity, which may then decide to skin them alive and regrow their skin to be able to flay them, again and again…

As a result, the Arabs transmitted knowledge rather than creatING it (quite a bit of “Muslim” culture was not Muslim at all, as the Muslim empire consisted in the beginning of more than 95% non-Muslims, for generations).

There is the secret of Europe’s world domination. Not trade, not colonialism, not gunboat diplomacy. Instead: a greater culture of inquiry. Observing a greater inclination to inquiry in the European tradition is not to crow that somehow “Europeans” are superior, but to crow that intellectual superiority is an acquired trait, part of culture, which one can inherit, non genetically.

A striking example is the case of Gerbert of Aurillac. There was the world’s top intellectual… and he became preceptor to the young emperor Otto II (who called him back when he was 16 years old, to come out of his “rusticity” of the Franks, by teaching him the “subtlety of the Greeks”).

And, later, Gerbert d’Aurillac became Pope, before being savagely interrupted by death. Pope! Elected Bishop of Rome, while having taught for decades that mathematics, physics and theology were… separate and equal. One can’t imagine any of this in Muslim lands. So why to insist Islam should be respected? Why should cultures antagonistic to inquiry be respected?

Patrice Ayme’

Science, Fruit, Tool and Motivation of Philosophy

April 3, 2017

Can philosophy exist on its own? The cognitively challenged think so. See the somewhat dim-witted “Philosophy Tool Kit” in Aeon, by what else, a professional philosopher, somebody taught precisely to teach that “Thinking like a philosopher need not be a strange and arcane art, if you get started with these tricks of the trade… At a time when we are bombarded more than ever with specious claims and spurious inferences, clear thinking provides a much-needed safeguard that we should all strive towards. Philosophers place a premium on certain tools for regimenting our thinking, especially logic and probability theory.

In other words, like everything else, for the dim-witted, philosophy is a trade. Being wise, the Promethean essence of human spirit, is brought down to recipes. Apparently to “regiment” our thinking we have to acknowledge that “trade“. Everything is a “trade“. And why do we “regiment”? Well, according to all too many people paid to propagandize the official version of philosophy, we are in an army, apparently, “regimented” in the triumphing army of trade. Wisdom is a military trade. (The afore quoted “philosopher” comes from Australia, a place which made lots of money with coal and iron sold to China.)

Well… Trade is not the essence of humanity, wisdom is. And wisdom rests on science, knowing what is true. Not what a trade our disciplined regiments are.

(The author in Aeon self-defines as an “analytic philosopher”. “Analytic philosophy” is a branch of philosophy so stupidly arrogant that it thinks nobody else is analytical. Analysis actually means “deconstruction”, something ironic as “analytic philosophers” tend to despise Derrida… Bertrand Russel is often viewed as the father of analytic philosophy, although he thought it was not an activity worth having…)

I don’t esteem Plato very much, but on this one he got it right. Modern philosophers tend to not know modern geometry, because they are lazy dogs.. They prefer to ponder the meaning of “the”…

Accordingly, Plato thought that the first trick, the first tool, the first requirement, of philosophy was to learn “geometry” (which was NON-Euclidean geometry at the time, thus not that simple!). Please remember that Plato was notoriously friendly to tyrants. However, even him did not think philosophy was a regimented trade!

Another interest is that, by being exposed to science and mathematics, the spirit and culture of inquiry, fundamental to the love of wisdom, can be encouraged. Such is the fundamental toolkit of the philosopher.

***

Most so-called philosophers praise themselves for superior thinking. However human species have unceasingly deliberately perfected what superior thinking is, and provides with, for millions of years. Superior thinking is not a static achievement, a book one can learn by rote. Superior thinking is what humanity does unceasingly more of.

Philo-Sophy, Loving Wisdom, is an abbreviation for the excellence which is truly meant. (Just as an electron is an abbreviation for what is truly meant; Dirac’s meaning of the electron as an abbreviation was different from that of his immediate predecessors.)

Everybody loves wisdom, even cats. Especially cats. But wisdom as cats tend to have it, is different from wisdom, as Homo Sapiens tend to have it.

What’s ought to be truly meant by “philosopher” is someone who loves superior wisdom more than any other love, and has actually achieved that superiority. Cats are not philosophers, because, given a chance, they would rather eat the bearer of superior wisdom (namely Homo Sapiens).

The notions of “philosopher” and the “philosophical method” are distinct. A genuine philosopher will practice the philosophical method, which consists into using whatever it takes to advance wisdom, even poetry and the vaguest analogies. And what is wisdom? Superior understanding of what makes the universe tick.

Thus a towering philosopher will have to be a scientist, mathematician and logician, as Plato felt, and as towering geniuses of the Middle Ages such as Abelard and Buridan were (Buridan proved Aristotle physics wrong, introducing the heliocentric system, most of “Newton’s” laws… and successfully tackled the problem of self-referential statements, circa 1350 CE, amidst plague and war).

***

The average persons feel that exhibiting tribal appurtenance is the highest form of wisdom, that make them no better than baboons (be they jihadist, attached to Islam, or physicists, anxious to exhibit their quirky love for the local sport team). That does not qualify them as philosophers, because our ancestral baboon equivalents have been doing this for 50 million years, there is nothing superior about it.

***

Part of wisdom is not to stay a prisoner of the vehicle used to convey it, be it a person, a language, a theory, a sentence or a word. The question is not what wisdom is, but what wisdom means: analyze not the words, but what they are supposed to mean. What the interlocutor meant, and that interlocutor could be nature itself.

***

Any logic L, and thus, in particular any wisdom W, is relative to a context. Giving a context to that context is going meta. Going meta is not in general unique, and it is always possible, and even easy: pick up an axiom, say A of L, and consider the meta logic made of the union of L and what you get by adjoining non-A to L. This is the scheme to get non-Euclidean geometry, or non-standard arithmetic, or non-standard analysis, or complex analysis from real analysis, or even finite fields.

***

Nature is a sadistic god. Why not? We know nature is a sadistic god, because we have wisdom. Hyenas don’t have that luxury, condemning what feeds them. Hyenas have to eat the genitals of the uncooperative buffalo first, as hyena heuristics show  that they are delicious, and their absorption diminishes the vigor of the prey. Occasionally, though, a lioness will have the wisdom to protect a young prey animal, as a pet.

Even lions know nature is a sadistic god. But only us can go industrial, building a better god. Hint: it’s not to be obtained by just focusing on the word “the”, and equally puny tricks (cockroaches know tricks too; they don’t belong to superior wisdom, because, however correct, they are too puny).

Human wisdom enables to provide us with the tools to build a less sadistic version of nature. Sadism where we want it. Not where “it” wants it…

Patrice Ayme’