Posts Tagged ‘1940’

Nazi Germany Won The Battle Of France Of 1940, Because It Was Desperate

November 14, 2019

The original Aufmarschanweisung N°1, Fall Gelb (Campaign Instruction No 1, Case Yellow), was a German army plan to push the Allied forces back through central Belgium to the Somme river, in northern France, with similarities to the 1914 campaign of the First World War.

It had to be disregarded, after a plane with the plan crash landed in (neutral) Belgium.

It was thoroughly anticipated by the French High Command, and the French six million man army was ready for it.

The French had 3,000 serious tanks, including heavy tanks the Nazis didn’t have, and couldn’t destroy. The tanks were dispersed in various elite divisions, but also concentrated in seven divisions equivalent to Panzer divisions, plus three super heavy divisions without equivalent on the Nazi side. 

The Nazis had 1,000 German made tanks, mostly light and medium. Plus 1,000 captured Czek tanks. They had ten Panzer divisions. 

British aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean, August 10,1942. The Nazis didn’t plan to have one single carrier in action before 1945…

On paper, the French plus British had much more planes than the Nazis. But half of the French air force was deployed far away, and the British kept much of their force in reserve in May-June 1940. It was estimated that, by mid-June the French air force could have recovered air supremacy over France (by recalling modern planes from far away). It threw the towel for other reason (the army couldn’t insure the safety of the air bases; so hundreds of brand new, high quality planes were flown to North Africa).

The British Navy was more than many times the Nazi Navy, and had several carriers (one of them lethally hobbled the Bismarck, which was hit by 3 or 4 torpedoes, one of which crippled its rudder). The Germans had no aircraft carrier, and just two serious battleships under construction. The French Navy was more than the Nazi Navy. It had one carrier, and was building more. Its fast battleships could handle the Bismarck class. It had large submarines.

France and Britain knew that they would have become overwhelmingly stronger than Nazi Germany within months… while staying connected to the world, including their crazy US child. Many US companies were starting to help France and Britain. Out of Franco-British airplane requirements and a contract with a US company, came the P47, the Mustang, a long range fighter which the US ended up ordering… and which was a game changer (as it escorted bomber fleets). France a six million, 110 divisions army. Britain had only a 300,000 man professional army…. but ready to train millions, after a draft. Germany had 150 divisions.

Britain, all by itself, even after France ceased fire, was able to completely embargo Nazi Germany… Disastrously for the Nazis. That meant no more oil from the USA. Germany could only get oil from the Soviet Union! After Germany attacked the USSR, it ran out of oil: it had no more in 1942, hence the mad dash towards the massive oil fields of the Caucasus, and, thus, to Stalingrad (to protect the side of the oil thrust)…. That was called Operation Edelweiss….

By the time they got to Stalingrad, then the German tanks were run down, their machinery used up, failing. And they were out of oil. And out of all too many qualified soldiers, with 50,000 of the elite fanatics killed in France, and the Nazi paratroops pretty much annihilated in a very costly victory in Crete… And then the disastrous defeat at Moscow in December 1941, in view of the golden bulbs of the Kremlin… The Nazis had lost the war, and some German officers knew it.

All of this was so obviously predictable that the desperate gamble of stealthily sneaking through south Belgium’s Ardennes most of the Nazi army became the only ray of hope Nazi generals could entertain….If the Nazi army had been detected in a timely manner, the Nazi armed forces would have been decapitated. But what else could they have done? Like the Japs at Pearl Harbor, all their options were as many avenues towards oblivion. The question was not whether they would be defeated, but how soon.

Because of a succession of (Nazi) miracles, the desperate Nazi plan of May 1940, worked…Most of the German army and air force attacked a single French reserve division in a hyper concentrated assault at Sedan… Just as in 1870 and 1914… Suicide charges by dedicated Nazi engineers had to be used to defeat French fortifications. The British Second Armored division which was supposed to be behind the French B division, had not been deployed. Had it been there, with its Mathilda tanks, superior to the German ones, the Nazi assault would have turned into a rout.

***

Paradoxically, the Nazi victory of May-June 1940 insured than an already bad world war was going to get way worse. First the British had kept enough air force in reserve to defend Britain… while the Nazi air force had suffered grievous losses in 6 weeks of aerial fighting over France. So the “Battle of Britain” of August 1940 was promptly lost. Then, because Britain couldn’t be defeated, so the USSR had to be attacked… But, as it turned out, not only was Britain undefeated, but it started to bomb Berlin significantly, and then the British ruled the Mediterranean (most of it, most of the time), hence forcing a very costly intervention in Crete, weeks before the attack on the USSR, which had to be delayed). 

 

This shows that the fortunes of serious wars are full of twists and turns. On the face of it, though, the Germans should have thought five minutes about it in the 1930s: they couldn’t win another repeat of 1914. This time, the French and the British had overwhelming force. But, well, the Germans, in a feat of collective hypnosis, persuaded themselves they lost because of the Jews and the Communists, stabbing them in the back… Actually, by 1918, German explosive production had collapsed (it was perhaps 10% of France’s), and the French led offensive in the Balkans condemned Germany to starvation…

A frontal assault on the French army in 1940, as the original Nazi plan had it, would have been costly: on August 22, 1914, in furious counterattacks, the French army suffered 27,000 soldiers killed in action at the Battle of Charleroi. In one single day. That drove the aggressors mad: they engaged in a frenzy of war crimes. The initial frontal attack planned in 1940 would have brought the same sort of action, namely extremely violent French reactions… At Bir Hakeim, in May-June 1942, 3,000 French soldiers held for many days, the entire Afrika Korps and the Italian army… preventing the annihilation of the British Eight army… and the only chance for the Nazis to get to Iraqi oil.

There had been a stalemate in 1914–1916, helped by the breaking of the Franco-British blockade of fascist Germany by US plutocrats bringing crucial war supplies through the officially “neutral” Netherlands. But how can one be “neutral” when one is helping fascist invaders? The same thing was not going to happen in 1940, as Hitler invaded “neutral” countries. Thus the prognostic of the war launched by the Nazis was grim. Ludwig Beck, chief of the German general staff, said that Germany was in a much less favorable position in 1939 than in 1914. That’s why he resigned.

So why the senseless war? Just to lose it, same as somebody jumping from a tall building: it’s not done to win. An erroneous picture of Germany and fate had to come crashing to earth first.

If one wants to win a war, one better be at peace with oneself… First.

Patrice Ayme

Peace From Strength

April 28, 2016

In the last few weeks, I came across complaints that Obama asked Europeans to pay for defense (a request Trump made forcefully), or that Obama doubled the number of special forces in Syria.

I see nothing wrong with Obama’s request or Obama helping justice in Syria. I see everything wrong with those who plead for weakness. Bemoaning the World is no panacea.

Meanwhile France sold 12 Barracuda submarines to Australia (doubling the size of its submarine fleet). French Barracudas are nuclear powered, 97 meters long, and can fire normal torpadoes, Exocet sea-skimming missiles, but also nukes.

The Australian version will be nuke-less. Australia selected French military shipbuilder DCNS Group to build a $40 billion submarine fleet. An Asia-Pacific arms race is now driven (in part) by China’s claimed territory in the South China Sea, in places much closer to other countries’s shores.

95% Of Allied Strength Was French, Then. The USA Was "Neutral" (That Is, De Facto, Nazi Supporting From Trade & Investment With The Enemy)

95% Of Allied Strength Was French, Then. The USA Was “Neutral” (That Is, De Facto, Nazi Supporting From Trade & Investment With The Enemy)

The Shortfin Barracuda design—offering stealth technology developed for French nuclear submarines—was chosen after a lengthy evaluation against offerings from Germany and Japan. This ended Japan’s drive to win its first major arms deal since relaxing a post-World War II military export ban.

DCNS said its design uses a top-secret pump-jet propulsion stealth technology (only France, the US and UK have the technology, which is now deployed on some new Russian subs). Part of the accord is that France would not sell the technology to Australia’s potential enemies.

This is a strategic move by the French Republic. France has departments and armed forces across the Indian Ocean and the Pacific ocean, from one side, to the other. “Hats off to the Franco-Australian partnership.” said French Prime Minister Manuel Valls posted on Facebook.

The US was not in the running. The US does not make silent diesel electric subs. But it fears them. The Australian Navy recommendation to the Cabinet was supported by US Submarine experts  –The new Short fin Barracuda  is the quietest attack submarine in the world (no propeller) and it has the best sonar. A little while ago a much more noisy Chinese sub emerged in an American fleet. In 2015, a Chinese sub simulated an attack on the nuclear US carrier Ronald Reagan. A Barracuda, in turn, could hunt such Chinese submarines.

A nuclear-powered French submarine successfully conducted a simulated attack on the aircraft carrier USS Roosevelt. It “sank” the carrier and several of its support ships in the simulation. Oops.

Australia will be using US combat systems in these new subs over the next 50 years of the French contract.

This is a good new sign of French-American cooperation: a century ago, the French produced 75mm guns in the USA (and used the occasion to teach the Americans high precision chain manufacturing, popularized later by the Ford Model T).

Meanwhile, the French-built “Sarcophagus” is ready to slip over the damaged Chernobyl nuclear reactor and its melted core…

Some will whine: why are the French and the Americans so war minded?

Because evil in the service of goodness is what Jesus recommended. Is not that (part of) the gory message of the cross?

Earlier the Romans had:”Si vis pacem, para bellum” (“If want peace, prepare war”). That worked splendidly, until the weapons of the barbarians became better than that of the Romans. The Franks, Viking like, were pillaging their way up rivers in Spain. What did the Romans do? They became real smart. Instead of just keeping on fighting the Franks, some Roman generals befriended them and gave them a written law (the Salic Law). Next Constantine, after fighting them a bit, allied with them, and conquered the empire.

So why did Roman weapons become less good? Because of Roman corruption (also known as plutocratization). Under the Republic, Romans were engineers. Under the fascist empire, money was disbursed for making the rich richer. A bit like in Flint, Michigan. Here is the letter of Michael Moore to President Obama:

Dear President Obama —

Finally, after months of us begging you to come to Flint, you’ve decided to visit next Wednesday. I know this will make many people happy and grateful. But, as one who voted for you twice and was thrilled beyond belief over your election, I’m sorry to tell you your visit is too little too late.

You say you’re coming to “listen to the people of Flint.” Sir, they’ve been poisoned for two damn years. You’ve known about it since October. There’s nothing t…o listen to. Unless you’re bringing the entire U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to dig up and replace the 75,000 lead pipes, plus the Attorney General to arrest Governor Rick Snyder, then this is just another photo-op and half-baked list of new promises we don’t need. If you’re coming to make one of those “we need to rebuild America’s infrastructure” speeches, don’t bother. This is NOT an infrastructure problem – it’s a hate crime and mass poisoning of Black and poor people that NEVER would happen if this were Bloomfield Hills or Grosse Pointe or any other white town. It was done in order to give a billion-dollar tax cut to the rich. Every child here now has some form of permanent brain damage. There is NOTHING you can do to reverse that for them. There is no cure. Again, they are Black, they are poor. Do you have a cure for that? Because THAT’s the only reason why this has happened. Flint’s infrastructure was just fine (or what passes for fine these days in the USA). This poisoning happened because the governor said “Cut services!” — and so one of the first services he cut was to seal off the clean drinking water pipeline from the Great Lakes and make the poor and the Black of Flint drink dirty water from the drainage ditch you and others call “the Flint River.” We haven’t called it that for years. I’d drink my own piss before I’d drink out of that sewer.

We don’t need any more visits from politicians, even one as beloved as you. We don’t need any more promises of testing. We don’t need any more token digging up of pipes made rancid by the Flint River water that flowed through them (of the 75,000 pipes that need replacing, a total of 39 – 39!! – have been dug up and removed since you met with the mayor in the White House back in January). Meanwhile the poisoning continues on daily basis, even with the Lake Huron water that has been restored because it’s flowing through lead-damaged pipes with a new chemical that now burns people’s skin.

So unless you’re bringing the U.S. Army with you to save 100,000 of your fellow Americans, and unless you’re going to arrest the governor of Michigan who has now killed more Americans than ISIS, you might as well stay home. The riots here, I’m certain, will begin sometime soon. That’s what you or I would do if someone was poisoning OUR kids and the government refused to stop it, right?

With respect, admiration and profound disappointment,

Michael Moore

Flint native

Michigan resident

Obama supporter

We need strength. And it starts with the strength of emotions and ideas. And those have to be supported by the strength of expression. Only then can one move with more practical forms of strength. The rise of infamy always comes from preliminary weakness.

In 1940, Hitler craftily thought that the French Republic was led by bleeding hearts. So the Nazi dictator attacked an old German (de facto) ally, the Netherlands. With cruel savagery, flattening entire Dutch cities. It worked splendidly: the bleeding heart French, instead of letting the Dutch take some of their own Nazi medicine, threw their mobile tank reserve, seven divisions, to come to the rescue of the selfish Dutch. Then Hitler launched a full left wing attack, and France found itself as flat footed as Sparta had been, when Thebes used the same trick, 24 centuries earlier…

Patrice Ayme’