Posts Tagged ‘4th July’

WAR, Great DOMINATOR, Destroyer of Europe, Creator of USA

July 4, 2016

Abstract: Celebrating Fourth of July 2016 my way. France, Britain, the USA and the philosophical systems they incarnate are to this day entangled into a brazen history, and a scalding future. It is often overlooked that, when France declared formal war to Britain about America, the rebels, seduced by an offer of general amnesty from Westminster, were going to surrender. This is precisely why Louis XV avoided with total war in February 1778, after sending weapons secretly starting in 1775, and secret agents before that.


Too Much Enlightenment Will Get You Burned:

Icarus flew too close to the Sun. One can also come to close to the truth for comfort:

A basketball court sized, solar-powered US probe is braking hard to hard in Jupiter’s orbit. Just prior, it was flying twice the distance Earth-Moon in three hours. How was the USA created? War. War against the Indians, War against the French and the Indians. War, allied to the French, against the English. These entangled wars made the USA possible. Yes, it is an extremely long story. Some of this story was anticipated in British Parliament: stealing Canada from sweet France would made the independence of the USA ineluctable. However, English hubris took over. In its arrogance, the winning faction underestimated French resentment, and French military capability. Plus the strong hold of the principles of the Republican Enlightenment on the French and American elites. When told his actions were going to create a Republic in America, Louis XVI shrugged. He knew.

Not only that, but Louis XVI’s actions would create the institution of a Revolution of Human Rights in France, which he himself led for five years (1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792). The mood in France was revolutionary, and that had started decades earlier.

Louis XV was actually surrounded by revolutionary characters, including teachers of Adam Smith, the French “physiocrats”. France lost America, because France clang to the Enlightenment, at a higher level. France traded with the Indians, and civilized them, rather than outright massacring them. (More precisely, France was doing more trading, more mixing, and less massacring.) All too philosophical. 

Too Much Advanced Philosophy And Not Enough Brexit Cost France America, Among Other Things. Philosophy Is Excellent As Long As It Does Not Prevent To Kill Those Who Want You Dead In The First Place. More French Greed, Short Term, Would Have Insured A More Advanced Civilization: In Canada Slaves Such As Endured Servants Were Unlawful, And Authorities Never Paid For Indian Scalps. Quite The Opposite.

Too Much Advanced Philosophy And Not Enough Brexit Cost France America, Among Other Things. Philosophy Is Excellent As Long As It Does Not Prevent To Kill Those Who Want You Dead In The First Place. More French Greed, Short Term, Would Have Insured A More Advanced Civilization: In Canada Slaves Such As Endured Servants Were Unlawful, And Authorities Never Paid For Indian Scalps. Quite The Opposite.

Voltaire. Louis XV’s boyfriend and adviser, insisted that it was below French dignity to fight all-out the “Seven Year World War of 1753”. I am sure it helped that Voltaire had made a fortune in Great Britain (this is a meta observation explaining the low philosophical performance of Voltaire in this respect.)

Louis XVI was an interesting character: he was not supposed to become king: his elder brother was. He did not want to become king, however, grimly enough, he set himself to do the right things, although, often, again and again he faltered at the last moment. A giant of a man, he had, that way, much in common with the one he fed and saved, George Washington (Washington, in spite of his friend Lafayette’s insistence, would never try to abrogate slavery, even in his own household..    


Where Were the Pacifists During the Demise of the European Union of Nation-States?

Nowhere, because pacifism is weak. Pacifism is neurohormonally associated with submission, surrender, sleep, it does not have the appeal that hatred, fear, anger, and the fight or flight instincts’ overwhelm us with. When the herd gets ready to stampede, what can the pacifists do? Fight it off? Scare it off? No. Pacifists can do nothing. Nigel Farage’s “Independence Day” speech was eerily similar to some of Adolf Hitler’s speeches in his manner of delivery (and content too!). No clam discourse can then persuade the masses. They don’t care: confronted to a threat, they want to fight and flight. Playing Buddha in a ten foot cell is not a proposition that is noticed, let alone attractive.


What Is The Biggest Defect Of Europe?

It is precisely not being what the Brexiters claims it is: a Super State. Or even, a State. Instead it is a state of anarchy. Not as bad as Britain, but close. Britain whines about uncontrolled immigration, forgetting it organized it deliberately, and depends upon France for defending its border. Europe has proven incapable of defending its borders. And what does history teach us? That borders should be defended dynamically, something Julius Caesar had completely understood. Not that Caesar invented this. Earlier, the Second Punic War had turned around when Scipio carried the war in North Africa, forcing the recall of Hannibal there (where Scipio defeated him). The Greeks had also understood that staying on their hands while plutocratic Persian Satraps attacked at will had no future. So the Athenian Republic came to the rescue of Egypt (against Persia). Later many Greeks felt that a complete invasion of Persia was the solution to their travails. Hence the expedition of the 10,000 (whom the great philosopher Xenophon ended up leading). The Greeks were less pleased when the Macedonians (Philip and his son Alexander), ran away with the idea.


War Is The Great Dominator:

Why always to speak of France? Not only is France the Middle Kingdom, at the core of the philosophical creation of European civilization, but even British historians focus on France, because France has the best historical records. The peak of the Middle Ages was around 1300 CE. Shortly after that the disasters piled up: ecology, plague, war.  Historian Guy Bois was able, by looking at Normand Parish registries, around Caux to find how the population evolved, assigning index 100 in 1314 CE.

In 1347 CE, affected by ecological troubles, and the start (in 1337 CE) of the “100 Years War” between the legitimate French heirs in London, and various illegitimate plotters in Francia proper, the population index was down to 97.

In 1348, the plague struck We The People (but not the plutocrats in their well defended, well organized castles).

By 1374 CE, the population was only 43% of what it was in 1314 CE. By then, peace being established, the population recovered. By 1413 CE, just before the “100 Year War” got launched again (Agincourt was won by Henry V in 1415 CE), the population was back up to 65% of 1314 CE. Then the area became a battlefield again, accompanied, naturally enough, by epidemics between 1415 and 1422 CE. The population oscillated down. The Battle of Castillon a Battle of Crécy in “reverse”, was the beginning of the end the “100 Year War”(70% of the English army was killed, mostly by French field guns, against less than 2% of the French army). By then the region of Normandy under consideration around far away Caux, was only 30% of what it was in 1314 CE.



Britons whine about the Battle of the Somme, and rightly so.

Who was killing the Britons in World War One? The one who had started the war, the Kaiser, a plutocrat, who owned Germany, grandson of plutocrat Queen Victoria who owned England. In World War One, Great Britain lost 2.23% of its population, Killed. France lost 4.39%. (US losses amounted to *only* 117, 465 soldiers killed, .13% of the total US population.)

This carnage was the (despicable) Brexiters neither know, nor understand, nor want to understand.


Well the “100 Years War” went on, on and off, until 1815 CE. The Revolutionary and so-called “Napoleonic” wars were launched by Great Britain, an island, but exclusively fought on the continent (but for Trafalgar). By 1815 CE, France alone had two million dead, and some of her allies, like Germany and Poland, even more.  

All this profited Great Britain immensely. In the period 1753 to 1815, England literally destroyed the French empire and population, through a succession of wars.


By 1815 CE, France, relative to England, was a shadow of her former self. Thus, it is natural that the British would have come to believe war, especially among European states,  was a friend.

However, in early May 1940, the second British armored division, which had been assigned to stand behind a French reserve division at Sedan was late. The Nazis armored thrust pierced there, and thus the Battle of France was lost, and, as a result, the Nazis’ rule of horror and terror festered for years.

Both France and Britain came out of this as shadows of their former selves, while their ingrate progeny, the United States of America, grabbed all it could throughout the planets, starting with the zones her parents used to control.

The “West Country Men” method, taught by the English who founded the American colony in 1610 CE, has certainly blossomed in the USA.  

And to this day it rules. The Economist, July 2, 2016 gives an example, which I may detail in a future essay. Basically, US firms have become increasingly gigantic, which has allowed to become ever richer, and capable of deep research. Here is part of The Economist’s conclusion: …”if it wants to create giants, Europe may have to restrain more than its nationalist instincts—it may have to temper its tougher approach to antitrust, too. The secret of some big American firms is that they have created oligopolies at home.” In other words, the USA is eating Europe’s lunch by increasing its plutocratic index.

And this is what at the creation of European America.

France insisted upon the highest moral standards (only pure women, certainly not prostitutes could go to America, as early as 1600). England let Satan have a good run at America, re-introducing slavery, and not just for the “colored”!

Guess what? It worked. This is the whole idea behind Obama’s idea to let giant companies do whatever it takes to increase the USA’s empire. Actually, Bush had it fully started with the likes of Blackwater (a private corporation in charge of making war), and others abominable connections between official government policy and private profit.

Yet, the debate is not over. There is a new player bearing on, nature itself, with rising acidic seas, an increasingly warm and violent atmosphere, and all sorts of menace.

Greed may work, but it’s nothing without survival.

Patrice Ayme’

France 14, USA 4…

July 14, 2013

France and the USA were always entangled. It’s not just that their Constitutions are from 1789. When the explorer Champlain visited New England in 1605 CE, at the head of one of his large military-geographic fur trading expeditions, going thousands of miles all over North-East America, his men climbed the exact same giant tree that the Pilgrims climbed fifteen years later.

So why is New England not French speaking? Because as Champlain reported, the land was full of people, the land was used up, and could not accept one French family. Epidemics at the opportune time cleared the land, after Champlain’s departure. If the epidemics had happened fifteen years earlier, English would be playing second fiddle to French.

Champlain Named Québec in 1608

Champlain Named Québec in 1608

Another occasion to colonize the continent had arisen a generation earlier, when French expeditions founded settlements along what they named the Carolines (“Carolinas”). However, France was in the middle of a 150 year war against Spain, at that point led by the fanatic Catholic fascist Philippe II. Philippe launched an armada which killed the French, down to babies, because they were Protestants. Biblical justice at its best.

Immersed inside the French war against Spain, was the 80 year war that ended with the liberation of the Netherlands. That, in turn, led to the conquest, aka “Glorious Revolution” (which proclaimed parliamentary sovereignty in 1688 England). The Protestant Netherlands hated Louis XIV (I don’t see why not). The result was the loss of New France.

Voltaire Told Louis XV Canada Was A Bit of Snow

Voltaire Told Louis XV Canada Was A Bit of Snow

101 years later, in 1789, the French and the American Constituent Assemblies imposed their Constitutions (England sorta Constitution, has turned into kinda Contradiction, more on that below).    

Krugman visited France recently, and found things to be better than he expected. So he ran in the last week a succession of posts vilipending the hatred against France professed in the Wall Street Journal and its ilk. Said he: “The French economy gets extraordinarily bad press in this country, and this attitude spills over into some allegedly serious economic analysis too. I don’t have time to dig up examples now, but not that long ago quite a few investment banks etc. were pegging France as the next crisis country, about to go the way of Italy or even Portugal any day now… In reality, however, France does not have a large structural deficit. And while it has an aging population, the demographic problem is actually much less in France — with its relatively high fertility — than in the rest of Europe, Germany in particular.”

The hatred against France also spills all over, in other domains, such as practical philosophy (after 9/11, I lost basically all friends and family in the USA, except for my spouse).

I pointed out that France, where it does really matter, long term, does better than Germany (and where it does bad, decades of austerian right wing with a touch of deliquescent left can be pointed at). France has a third more youth than Germany. In spite of an enormous immigration of one million workers (mostly from the rest of the EU), just in the last year, Germany’s demographics are so bad, Merkel announced a massive program to help births (she does not have children herself, although I won’t throw her any stone, as I discovered to my dismay that this is not a given).

The “white” population in the USA went down last year by 12,000 (the first time it goes down). In France, of course, everybody is color free, and the population is augmenting on its own (no immigration, Sarkozy, son of an immigrant, didn’t allow it).

Krugman: But hasn’t the French economy performed poorly in the crisis? Yes, compared with the United States or Germany. But it’s not in the crisis camp, at all. Here’s a comparison:

Gallic Shrug Stagnation

Gallic Shrug Stagnation

Most people, I suspect, think of the Netherlands as being like Germany — doing fine thanks to stern fiscal virtue and all that — while those self-indulgent French slide into economic decline. Actually, France and the Netherlands have basically the same performance.”

“Performance” here is measured by GDP. One has to be careful here, as the USA GDP, for example, can be artificially boosted by financial services doing their fake, derivative, or predatory economy.

A decisive, and very real boost to GDP in the USA is fracking. Fracking, with its cheap oil and gas, is calling back entire industries to the homeland, such as chemicals. But of course the Americans can afford to use the colossal vastness to devastate what they have at their merci (or lack thereof). It’s going to be interesting to see how Chevron is going to frack in Rumania (they got plenty of permits to go frack there)… Rumania has 60 times more inhabitants than Wyoming.

Krugman: “Just to be clear, I’m not saying that all is well with France. France is doing badly; so are we; so is almost everyone. The widespread notion that France is in big trouble is, however, not based on reality. And it’s hard to avoid the suspicion that it’s ultimately political: with their generous welfare state the French are supposed to be collapsing, so people assume that they are.”



By “people” here we have to understand the average American, fed a steady diet of thick propaganda, by billionaires’ owned press. I can’t even watch it anymore: instead of getting infuriated as I used to, I’m getting as bored as if I were looking down Nevada Falls: awesome, but uneventful in its own steadily cataclysmic way.

Wall Streeters, banksters, hedge funders, professional tax evaders, tax evading corporations, haters of the welfare state, and other plutocrats and plutophiles rightly view France as their greatest enemy. Why?

It’s not just that France is the leader of the “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” religion (the only viable one, in this day and age). It’s also that the French Republic is amplified by the entire European Union. The European Union is the nightmare plutocracy feared in 1792. It is precisely to avoid the rise of a European Union founded around republican principles, that the Duke of Brunswick, commander of the Prussian army, grandly declared that he would kill all Parisians in July 1792. (So much for Auschwitz being an accident!)

See the “Proclamation of the Duke of Brunswick” at the end of my essay “How Genocide Starts”. Thus, by heaping spite on France, the upper plutocracy in the USA follows a long tradition. Their worries are amplified by their ownership of the media thay have gulped down in recent years. (A long tradition: the famed West Coast press tycoon Randolf Hearst used to be paid by Hitler to say nice things about his Satanic Reich: big Plutos feed smaller ones!) 

So the advent of the European Union is, de facto, as if the First French republic of 1792 had taken over Europe. Revolutionary France has won that war. It took 220 years, but it’s a win. Plutocratically inspired fascism, from Brunswick to Hitler got crushed. It’s not the French Republic that became like the German Reich, but the Reich that became a republic (Weimar was a “Reich”, not a republic, officially speaking, a semantic problem that explains why it ended with a “Guide”-president).  

To symbolize all this, for Bastille Day 2013, not only did Malian troops parade (first!), and the troops of 11 other African countries with them. And Danes and Croats (Croatia is the 28th EU member state!).  And also the United Nations, saluted by the UN Secretary General, sitting on the right of the French president! But so did, of course German troops, German aircraft, including F22 munching Typhoons. Not to forget two Franco-German regiments armed with French FAMAS guns, and Tigre Franco-German attack helicopters. World Republic? 

Even Ms Merkel is won over. Her 2013 electoral platform looks as if it had been written by the French Socialist Party (opponents are reduced to claiming she can’t possibly pay for it).

Thus the revolutionary ideology “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” keeps on progressing and collides with greedsterism (aka “liberalism”), the official ideology plutocracy presents to the world, itself playing for broke.

This, of course enrages plutocrats. They know well the very concept of Republic is their enemy.

All the more as they are not winning. A case in point is the English parliamentary sovereignty, of 1688, according to which (Westminster) Parliament may pass any legislation that it wishes. That English sorta (lack of) Constitution is now contradicted by the membership in the European Union (which has a better defined Constitution that takes precedence upon the British one!).

That is ominous for the financial piracy outpost centered in London (and it goes a long way to explain lots of hostility in the plutocratically owned UK press against the European Union).

A few weeks ago, PM Cameron convoked the British owned tax havens and told them they would have to comply with the same orders as those given to, and executed by, Switzerland. Last week, the ex-president of Switzerland went to Paris, and signed the capitulation of Switzerland-as-a-tax-haven to France with the French finance minister.

Thus, intellectually, economically and strategically, France is, if not the apex predator of the West, the other one.  And it has very practical consequences, for the biggest decisions.

After all, it’s not the USA that declared war to Hitler, but France (Britain joined France on Poland, against Hitler and Stalin, only in the last week before WWII). The USA never declared war to Hitler (until after the fact; even then Prescott Bush stayed Hitler’s top military-industrial manager for more than 6 months, in 1942! And, among other examples, IBM, Hitler’s monopoly for computing, kept working for the Nazi dictator, managed from New York, through Geneva, throughout the war!).



Right now, in dual use military and civilian technologies, France is clearly on top. The USA government had to order 400 combat helicopters to Eurocopter based in Marseilles (reason: Eurocopter churns out new models, but the USA has built none in 20 years). Even Russia bought Tigre attack helicopters

Staying on top in military economy and technology is, of course, the most important part of the economy. It’s not measured by GDP; it allowed France to declare war to Hitler, as France was sure to win (!).

A superior military economy is what failed with Rome, after 10 centuries of superiority. By 300 CE the Germans, and foremost the Franks, were better armed. That’s why small German armies defeated the Romans, while, four centuries earlier, enormous Germans armies had been annihilated by small Roman ones.  

France is deficient in some military areas where the USA rules (drones), it’s also the case that France dominates in pure aviation (Rafales, active stealth, hypersonic missiles nuclear, or not). Hence, instead of hating France, it would surely be smarter to trade with France, starting with military technology.

But once again, this is not about smarts. It’s about greed confronting a more durable philosophy. Hating France defines a plutocracy, whose idea of beauty is a brownish landscape cratered by fracking wells.

In a way, this time, the West is lucky: instead of having just one power falling to plutocracy (as happened with Rome), it has two (the USA and the EU). But they have been falling differently, and, from that disagreement, from that division, one can hope that republican democracy can come back, and be reborn (preferably as a more direct democracy, as Switzerland).

Oh, how did France come to lose North America, and how did an opposition with her own creation, the USA, blossomed? It’s all about a choice of (French) philosophies. Montesquieu, Voltaire, Sade on one side, were followed by the Founding Fathers, in opposition to other philosophers, such as Condorcet.  

The American institutions went with the former lot, because they played a short, exploitative game. Just because they could play it. Still are. This short game is at the center of English America’s success. The long French game, under tight central government control (sending to New France only characters of the highest morality!) was too noble for its own good

Indeed, by necessity, sitting taut like a spider on the very compact European web, France was, and is forced to play a long term, and tighter game. France has existed as an independent entity for more than 14 centuries, whereas English America is just four centuries old. France 14, USA 4? Or maybe 26 versus 2? Indeed, republican Marseilles and her empire were founded (by Greeks) more than 26 centuries ago. (And the influence of the Greeks was pervasive, throughout Gaul, well before the Roman one.)

Marseilles’ republic stayed independent for 6 centuries. Marseilles’ independence was lost a century after Athens’, and most Greek cities’. As Marseilles was Pompei’s main ally, Caesar besieged it for months. The imperator made a description of the combativity, ardor and ingeniosity of the Marseillais that does not make it surprising that they adopted later the song that carries their name. French philosophy, not just French history, has a long memory. And that gives not just a different taste, a different mood, but different aims.


Patrice Ayme

Independence From What?

July 4, 2012



July 4th, anniversary of the Declaration Of Independence of the USA from the UK in 1776. Much change then, a slow sinking now. Deep thinking would be the way out, but that would require some effort.

Some deplore that the trust in the political system is gone. But that the trust is gone is actually a good thing. We cannot trust a system where a few lead hundreds of millions, if not billions. It was bound to lead to disaster. It did. And what we have seen so far is small potatoes. The best is yet to come. I am watching Actic ice everyday. Still tracking lower than the previous lowest.

Even if and when the few leaders come from the People, and especially if they come from the People, one should not trust. Because the less power where they come from, the greedier they are, and thus, the more eager to be bought. Watch Clinton, Bill: obviously in need of wider recognition always, as those who started so small, they feel small always, and so need to pile up the hundreds of millions, just to feel OK about themselves.

Within two weeks of the lifting of his presidential immunity, an armada of police, bailiffs and no less than three judges, descended on three places of residence and work of Nicholas Sarkozy. A good thing. Whereas Obama begs the hyper wealthy for money in full sight of the uncomprehending American people, it would be impossible anywhere else.

In France financing by the hyper wealthy under the table is frowned upon by the law. Judges suspect that Sarkozy got, under the table, what Obama gets in two hours every time he shows up in the mansions of Silicon Valley, to sit at the tables for all to see, and sleep in all beds… As long as the owner of the mansion forks the money, and brings all her, or his friends, and all these fork the money, too.

Two thousand years ago, any grouping of a few thousands Germans got enraged when someone would proclaim himself a king. Now people venerate a handfull who talk as if they could do all the thinking by themselves, and better, than billions.

Hence we are facing in the American (or French) revolution the reality of a vastly incomplete revolution: Athens, at her apex, had direct democracy (OK, no women, no slaves…). We don’t. Even the Roman republic, in spite of its mixed system, was more directly democratic than we presently are (this is not a poetic opinion: it can be quantified, according to how many people were represented by whom, how, and how long…)

Still, after 5 centuries, the Roman republic fell, to be replaced by the Roman plutocracy (aka ‘the empire”, or “Principate” as Augustus preferred to say…)

We have democratic institutions to help, true (such as a humanized, republicanized, and constitutionalized army). And these democratic institutions, missing in Athens, do, indeed, help. But they are not enough. Actually, it’s good to remember that these institutions started in Rome, with a very efficient administration, but that, once again, they were not enough.

The incapacity to stop the devastation of the biosphere, or the devastation caused by the rampaging financial sector, are proof enough that Pluto is taking over.

How bad is it? Very bad. We are experiencing a Greater Depression. Only appearances are doing better than in the 1930s, but some of the most important statistics are worse. See: Greater Depression.

The Greater Depression in Europe is so severe that the birth rate is severely collapsing. As a French thinker put it in the 19C: ‘demography is destiny’.

Therein the American Declaration Of Independence: “He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.” Well, as it turned out, the frontier was soon extended to the ocean, and the “merciless Indian Savages” are now probably destroying the sea, with all its ages, genders, conditions…

This snippet of the declaration of independence is deeply disturbing, because it exhibits colossal insensitivity to Peoples who were just trying to survive to the destruction of their own world, while outrageously turning the tables on them, by claiming that they were undistinguished destroyers (while presumably the authors of the declaration were the distinguished destroyers). After all, it is cities such as Boston which paid money for scalps. A pattern was set in stone: accuse them of what you do, and call them savages. That mood has been much amplified today.

The Declaration of Independence of 1776 was just a rebellion, not a Revolution. The Revolution, that is the new Constitution of the republic, was established in 1789, within months of its French equivalent (that was to establish a constitutional monarchy headed by that great revolutionary, Louis XVI). The French constitution gave the right of vote to all (men), and outlawed slavery. it went further than anything Antiquity had known. Not so clearly in the American one (which refused the right of vote to individuals without enough property, contrarily to Rome).

It is only from the astounding agitation, encouragement, and giant financial and military support of Louis XVI that the American rebellion succeeded. Otherwise, the USA would have been the southern extension of Canada… That would have had advantages: France and Britain would have stayed masters of the planet (together, as it was, they defeated both China and Russia in the 19C).

Fascism, Prussian style, with its racist component would not have had a chance to rise in a world dominated by France and Britain (be it only because the Rothschilds had a firm grip on both sides, let alone Germany, ha ha ha). There would have been no “French revolutionary” and “Napoleonic” wars. No WWI, no Auschwitz (as the enormous resources of UK + Canadized USA +France + Louisiana would have crushed fascism outright. A non racist Austro-Hungary would have been an example of multi-national state, etc…

The British Parliament narrowly approved the expulsion of France out of Canada, although at the time many in the Parliament screamed to high heavens that was a terrible mistake, that would lead to the creation of the USA. Indeed France quickly returned the favor with the creation of the USA. So now what? Everybody should urgently recap the foundations of civilization…

Civilization is not founded on the market as some of the deranged economists whose thoughts presently reign have tried to make us believe. Watch Obama setting up free market exchanges to solve the health care problem, as if it were the job of markets to care about care! But Obama learned by rote that markets solve all, so he has now profit for solving care. What’s next? Selling babies to those who pay more, because that’s got to mean that, since they profit more, they care more?

Civilization is not just founded on the free market profit motive. Look at the Higgs particle, the discovery of which was announced today in Geneva, at CERN.

CERN was founded, and persists, as one of these typically French gigantic state institutions to foster human understanding with lots of taxes. CERN the Centre Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire has been a gigantic success, discovering a lot of new science, while establishing new technology.

The free market does not do it all! Brains are deeper!

The idea of such democratic institutions, as I said, directly spring from a mood inherited from Rome. But a difference is that Rome did not do research. Rome knew one had to have a society motivated by more than the profit motive. The republican and democratic motives were viewed as more important, and that is why Rome set a powerful army and administration.

But Rome had forgotten curiosity and to institutionalize the Will to Knowledge. Europe did not. There is only so much tribalism can do.


Patrice Ayme