Posts Tagged ‘Catalonia’

For A Republican Catalonia, For Some Small States, & Against Others

October 23, 2017

One has to consider history, in full, when one considers history: some European countries, such as present day France were already united more than 17 centuries ago (when the self-declared “Gallic Empire” was independent of Rome, while still in the Roman empire, sort of!).

The question of self-determination has been boiling hot, ever since Athens tried to impose her empire (which was a good thing), but did it wrong (which was a terrible thing).

US President Woodrow Wilson used self-determination to dismember the empires of old Europe and the French Republic did it, because it was viewed as an absolute good (French king Henri III had previously been elected king of Poland in the Sixteenth Century.

The French were perfectly aware that Poland was one of the oldest nations in Europe; arguably the same holds for Catalonia. And I have a map to prove it, showing how things were, 23 centuries ago: Catalonia is perfectly discernible:

Subdivisions of the Iberian peninsula, 23 centuries ago. If Carthage recognized Catalonia, how come the macaques at the head of Spain presently don’t? Because Carthage was, arguably, more of a democracy? (Carthage was ruled by “suffetes”, who were judges…)

Dismantling the horrendous rule of Germany over Eastern Europe was perfectly justified. However, there were Germans all over Eastern Europe, so German nationalists also had a good point! Yet, the German Second Reich, extending Prussian rule, was a racist fascist monstrosity (confirmed by Metternich who succeeded to make even Napoleon look good and enlightened!). It was not that justified in the case of Austria-Hungary (whose crimes were not as great, and it was a multiethnic place).

Vladimir Lenin promoted self-determination with the aim of destroying imperial “capitalism”. The United Nations wrote it into article 1 of its founding treaty. The right of peoples to self-determination has been a principle in international law since the Versailles Treaty and was confirmed as the basis for negotiations on a whole host of international negotiations as varied as Algeria, Kashmir in 1948, Vietnam in 1973 and the state borders of Eastern Europe in 1990.

However, the principle was often poorly applied, and became a way for some oligarchies to transmit power to other oligarchies/plutocracies, establishing the global plutocracy we now enjoy. The paradigm there is when “decolonizing” powers gave power to bad actors: much of Africa is an example, including Algeria (where de facto French dictator De Gaulle gave power to the FNL, which is not just still in place, but the present “president” was already a major actor in the… 1950s…). But there are even more devious examples…

The enslaved peoples of the former German, Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires, such as Czechoslovakia, Finland, fought for self-determination. The French Republic and crafty US president Wilson (a US white supremacist) forced the principle into the founding documents of the League of Nations (infuriating some Brits, such as Lord Keynes). The Bolsheviks, having recognised the right of self-determination in theory, realised that struggles for national sovereignty had the power to tear apart the imperialist powers which were invading Russia (1920).  The Comintern ordered communist parties around the world to support “national revolutionary movements” even where they were from the “left”.

Now than Lenin is long forgotten, the self-described “left”, is philosophically unprepared for struggles for democracy and social justice where nation and ethnicity, not class, is the driver. The EU is even worse. It is trapped by its own founding treaty which didn’t include the right to self-determination of peoples – preferring instead to give that right only to nations already recognised as states. So Slovenia, Croatia and the like had to go to war, and become internationally recognized, before the EU recognized the validity of their existence.

One hundred years ago politicians had a strong theoretical understanding of nationhood. . This is less true today, because most politicians today, like the king of Spain, or his PM, Rajoy, are, first of all tools and part of the global plutocratic orders, which view We The Peoples as tax cows, when not cannon fodder. The first cry these global supremacists hear, is the cry of banks.

Lombardy and Veneto voted for autonomy this weekend (at up to 95%, even better than Catalonia, but for “autonomy” alone!) The European parliament’s president Antonio Tajani berated them. He fears “the proliferation of small nations”.

That Italian politician said Europe must “of course fear” the proliferation of small nations, “that’s why nobody in Europe intends to recognise Catalonia.”

“Even (British Prime Minister) Theresa May, in the full throes of Brexit, said the United Kingdom would never recognise Catalonia… Spain is by its history a unified state, with many autonomous regions, with diverse populations who also speak different languages but who are part of a unified state… It is not by degrading nationhood that we reinforce Europe.”

Lombardy sends 54 billion Euros more in taxes to Rome than it gets back in public spending from the Italian state. Veneto’s net contribution is 15.5 billion. These are huge numbers.

Fearing small states” is not an argument in international law. Soviet foreign minister Molotov used that exact argument with Hitler (!) about “fearing” Finland. Even the Nazis found it laughable. As it is small tiny states such as corrupt Malta and Luxembourg, in collaboration with international plutocracy and other mafias, are financially terrorizing the rest of Europe, with the complicity of the present “leaders”. And if one talks too much about it, and death threats are not enough, one gets bombed to death, as a famous journalist found in Malta last week (she had time to think about it: a first bomb made her car airborne, rocket like; another, later, blew up her seat).

Scotland was famously independent for around 17 centuries, having greatly, and successfully, resisted the Romans themselves. Similarly Northern Italy, colonized by Gauls 24 centuries ago, was dominant and independent from Rome for 16 centuries (in 390 CE, the bishop of Milan, Saint Ambrose, was not taking orders from Rome; actually he subjected emperor Theodosius!). Northern Italy was under orders from Rome for less than 5 centuries out of the last 3,000 years.

Catalonia was initially part of France, having been wrestled from Muslim rule. Then Aragon, another French creation, and Catalonia got associated. Together they pushed French rule out of Sicily and Southern Italy (where Anjou and Normandy had thrown the Muslims out). However, newly created Spain turned to Inquisition and fascism under Isabella of Castille, pushed by her husband king Ferdinand, of Aragon. Philipp II faced a rebellion in the Netherlands, as part of a two centuries long war with France. He was an extremely vicious, genocidal bigot, quite different from his father. He lost the Netherlands in 1581, although he kept Belgium which was recovered by France in the following century when she finally won the war.

Worse was to come: the grandson of the notorious anti=Protestant bigot, Louis XIV of France, was made into king of Spain (bringing the massively lethal and impoverishing “War of the Succession of Spain”, which ravaged Europe). The Catalonia army fought back, was defeated, and Catalonia lost her autonomy. Said autonomy was re-established, by the Republic, but was lost again when general Franco won, thanks to Hitler, Mussolini and a galaxy of US plutocrats.

Catalonia is not a province of “Spain”, whatever “Spain” means. Just as Canada recognized Quebec is, Catalonia is a nation within Europe, and should be at the very least, an autonomous region. Long part of its own Roman province, Catalonia was already independent under Carthage itself. If Carthage could let Catalonia be free, why can’t the present descendant of France’s Louis XIV ruling Spain? Catalonia should be what it wants to be, a republic. Let the rest of Spain enjoy the power of one.

Why are cities, regions, states and peoples beginning to re-pose the question of national self-determination now? Because they need to get things done. London is polluted, it cost 12 Euros a day to drive in the center. Tariq Khan, mayor of London, Labor and of Pakistani descent, just added to this a 12 Euros “T Tax”. “T” for Toxicity. Well, it’s good that he is free to do that. If he were not, Londoners would have good reason to be angry. Also Mr. Khan was elected locally, not one of these torturers Madrid intents to send to Catalonia to rule it, as threatened by Rajoy and its regal accomplice in crime..

For Spain and Italy it is clear: the mixture of austerity, corruption and political sclerosis at the centre has limited the reality of regional democracy.

What about the rest of the world? The anti-French crowd will roll out New Caledonia (which is due to an independence referendum in 2018). Well, I am against independence of any French rules territory (however I am for maximal autonomy). Same holds for any US ruled territory. I still think the two republics are better than any alternative, including independence. All the old French colonies would have been better off with maximal independence and autonomy (although the situation was inadmissible in Algeria, it has become even more inadmissible since…)

New Caledonia is an Australian target, and Kanaks should remember that Australia is less than 5% Aborigines, whereas New Caledonia is more than 50% so.

There are a few subtle, but all-important points here underneath, magmas for apparently peaceful volcanoes. Those points are highly NON PC. Military questions matter. They are even primordial: a French military effort, a successful war against the Jihadists who ruled the Iberian peninsula then, created Catalonia. European Catalonia was created by the sword, in the Eight Century. And that ignorance of military might is a problem in Europe, as small states are not part of European defense, which depends mostly upon the French Republic (as it has been since Consul Clovis, elected king, differently from the present king of Spain). That’s a huge problem.

The French Republic failed militarily around May 15, 1940, greatly because Belgium and the Netherlands (long parts of France, aka Bourgogne) had been treacherous neutrals, which unbalanced the French militarily (something Hitler counted on, deliberately  and for the record). Without the direct or tacit, active or passive, help of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland,  the French Republic would have defeated Hitler with less damage than what happened.

So we can’t just have “neutral” Scotland and Catalonia hanging around, depending upon the defense system of the French Republic (and that of an undependable Britain).

Another huge problem is the question of “civilization”, for want of a better word. Barcelona is not less civilized than Madrid, quite the opposite (whereas, as Peter the Great would, and did, agree, London is still a bit more civilized than Moscow… ) “Less civilized” regions have interest to associate themselves with more civilized regions, it’s better for everybody, including in keeping in check the hubris of the more civilized (however NON PC the notion of “less civilized” is, it is, and that’s it). But Catalonia is not less civilized than Spain with its long litany of horrendously bloody dictators and inquisitors, all the way down to those who put the present regime in place. The “austerity” program was itself a subjugation to the very spirit, if not actual descendants, of those who put the Nazis and fascists in place.

Catalonian Republic, yes (within Spain, why not?). Much more Europe is necessary, though…

Patrice Ayme’

 

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Catalonia Should Be Much More Independent

October 7, 2017

Independent of Madrid and the rest of Spain, that is, not of the rest of Europe, it was traditionally more bound to. Having just a little, too little, history can be poison. Yet history is a teacher, it should be learned, but in full, not partially as a partisan. Only then does history make one more intelligent:

Catalonia is to Spain as Ireland is to England. It should be more independent. For nearly a millennium, England went to invade and occupy Ireland, and now finally Ireland, or most of it, is a free Republic. The Irish speak, mostly, English though.

Whereas Catalans speak Catalan. Catalan is not Spanish. Sometimes it sounds just like French, not Spanish. And that’s no coincidence. Way back, Catalonia was part of Marseilles’ empire. Then came Hamilcar Barca, the Carthaginian general and plutocrat, who gave Barcelona its name. Marseilles fought Carthage, but a modus vivendi was found. Pytheas of Marseilles went on to discover Iceland and the obliquity of Earth’s axis. Carthage let him pass.

Finally Rome defeated Carthage, and the Narbonensis province extended over the region. That lasted seven centuries, until the Visigoths, repelled by the Franks, took over in the Sixth Century. In 711 CE, the Muslim Jihadist took Spain over in three years, Barcelona fell in their torturous, massacring grasp. Then the Jihadists went over the Pyrenees, and their gigantic army suffered an enormous defeat at Toulouse, at the hands of Dux Eudes (721 CE). The war with the Islamist invaders went back and forth, inside Francia, with enormous loss of lives, until the victory of Charles Martel in Narbonne (748 CE). Same Narbonne as above.

Catalonia (“Marca Gothica”) and the Marca Hispanica were carved by the Franks in the Eight Century, As They Repelled the Jihadists

Under Charlemagne, Catalonia became part of the Renovatio Imperium Romanorum, as did Aragon, Castile, and the Basque Country. The Jihadists were pushed south. In 998 CE, Catalonia got its independence from France (as did Aragon, etc.)

Later, Catalonia merged with Aragon. Still later, Aragon went to the Dark Side, on a rampage, and grabbed enormous territories in the Mediterranean, such as Sicily and Southern Italy, which the Normans and French had freed from the Muslims, and where they had legally ruled for centuries. Aragon also put in power the sinister (Aragonese) Borgias in Rome, and, pushed for the rule of the Inquisition (to which Isabella of Castille reluctantly agreed, due to the rabid insistence of her husband, Ferdinand of Aragon.

The Inquisition was a fascist abyss for Spain. However, emperor of Spain and Rome, Charles V, born in Bourgogne (he spoke French as his native language, and was born very close to his great competitor, Francois I; they were both elected to their positions) was a great humanist, and that hid the subjacent theocratic cancer ravaging Spain. However, with his son Philip II, a full fascism of the worst jihadist type, was instituted, and Spain went down. First it had to be ejected from the Netherlands (thanks to the French), then the famed “Spanish Squares” were annihilated by the French army. Then Louis XIV married the Infante of Spain, who was related to his mother (Anne d’Autriche, ex-regent of France), and with whom he would have many children (most of whom died during Louis’ long reign) . In the following act, Louis XIV went murderously crazy and committed a holocaust of French Protestants (said holocaust lasted 20 years, and ruined France, and soon enough, Europe).

Then the Spanish king elected the grandson of Louis XIV as king of Spain, to succeed him. Resentful Protestants helped make this into a massive war, the “War of the Succession of Spain”. France came out of it destroyed, famished, exhausted, and lost territory, but the Catalans found themselves with a monarch, a Bourbon, whom they could truly hate.

The French plutocratic heir, Philip V fought Catalonia, with plenty of satanism. A true fascist as his mass murdering Catholic fanatic grandfather Louis XIV, Philip V banned all Catalan political institutions and rights, and incorporated Catalonia into Castile. Philip V also imposed the French Sallic law (by then more than 14 centuries old, that is older than Islam is today).  

The Second Spanish Republic confirmed the autonomies of Spain’s traditional autonomous regions, including the autonomy of Catalonia and the official use of its language. Like Madrid, the Basque country and much of Spain, Catalonia fought hard to defend the Second Spanish Republic in the devastating Nazi and fascist attack and invasion (so-called civil war) of 1936–1939. With the defeat of the Spanish Republic by the bloody tyrant general Francisco Franco, who killed millions of Spaniards lacking enthusiasm for the fascist dictatorship, the autonomies were cancelled, and years of massacres ensued.   

The successor of Franco was put into very low Earth orbit by the Basque Separatists, thanks to an improvised explosive charge, but Admiral Carrero Blanco missed his rough landing, on top of another building and died in the hospital. The European Union then required Spain to become democratic to get in the EU. Catalonia voted enthusiastically for the new Constitution which gave it autonomy.

However, Spain transformed Catalonia in a nourishing cow. Catalonia pays each year, 10 billion euros ($12 billion) more in taxes to Madrid than it gets back, or around 5 percent of regional economic output. It is as if California sent 100 billion dollars more to the Fed than it gets.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-spain-politics-catalonia-tax/from-

Interestingly, California pays 13 billion dollars more in taxes than it gets from the Fed. However, California has 5 times the population of Catalonia and the seventh largest GDP in the world. $13 billion for California is around half a percent of GDP.

http://www.politifact.com/california/article/2017/feb/14/does-california-give-more-it-gets-dc/

So, yes, Catalonia, with twice the population of Ireland, should be free. Catalonia can be viewed as a part of France, rather than a part of Spain, for a whole host of historico-geographical reason. “Pays Catalan” is presently a part of the French REPUBLIC, and has no problem (a Catalonian enclave in France, Llivia, voted 95% for Catalonian independence: they pay taxes to Madrid, and are fed up with it).

Spain recognizes Montenegro as an independent country. Montenegro speaks Serbian, and has only 700,000 citizens. Spain is hypocritical, it wants to keeping milking its Catalan cow.

[Full revelation: Let me add I don’t hate Aragon: an ancestor of mine was made Count by the king of Aragon, 12 centuries ago. Just telling it, as it is.]

Last point: Catalonia, even if more independent of Madrid, should stay in Europe. No, not just an allusion to the Euro: countries have used the Euro as currency, even while NOT a member of the European Union: Montenegro did, and does, this. I am more thinking of defense. There is a need for a global defense system, and everybody needs to pitch in. The only really independent countries in Europe, in matter of defense are Russia, and France. So Catalonia should buy the Rafale, and not follow the treacherous Belgians, who suggested they would buy the ineffectual, hyper-expensive but AMERICAN F35. (Greatly because of the treachery of Belgium and the Netherlands, were the anti-Nazi forces defeated in May 1940, that should always be kept in mind!]

You want Union? It exists, and it has a name: the European Union. Catalonia should not submit to kings and fascists, with a long track record of monarchy and fascism. I didn’t escape my attention that two giant banks announced they would withdraw from Catalonia: nothing scare the financial masters of the universe more than the freedom of the People.

Patrice Ayme’

Scottish Lessons; Catalonia Next

September 19, 2014

Scotland’s vote was a victory of democracy: 84% of the potential voters, voted. Nothing will be as it was before. The “No, tanks”, I mean, “No, thanks” scared rabbits won, with an impressive 55%. The “No, Thanks” were helped by enormous propaganda from the London elite, and promises never meant to keep. Yet, the debate is just starting. Worldwide.

It was independence from the London plutocracy which was demanded, and partially obtained further, even before voting, when London finally panicked, and offered whatever the Scots wanted.

It was pretty much plutocracy against Scotland: the financial markets rallied after they learned Scotland was nominally to stay subjugated to wealth friendly Westminster. Sir Mick Jagger and his fiscal paradises won (“Please to meet you, hope you guess my name…“).

The real fun is going to be when Catalonia proceeds with its independence referendum. This is going to be less civilized. The right wing Spanish Prime Minister is much less reasonable than David Cameron, the British PM. Of course, this is because Cameron was (erroneously, as he found out) sure to win, whereas the Spanish PM knows that Catalonia will vote for independence: a recent march for independence had 1.8 million Catalans in the streets, more than voted for independence in Scotland.

And the present French Prime Minister, the head strong Valls, in charge of saving France from herself, is Catalan born and raised. The French PM went to Catalonia, and made vibrant pro-European speeches there, in Catalan. For centuries, Catalonia, freed by Renovated Roman Emperor Charlemagne’s armies, was part of “France” (whatever “France” means), while Spain enjoyed an horrendous Islamist occupation. In practice, that meant Catalonia was independent for centuries… Until the German, Italian and Spanish fascists conquered the Catalan nation by force, massacres and gore, during their war against the Spanish republic (1936-1939).

Nationalism is obsolete. Yet direct democracy ought to be the future. There was an important transnational component in the Scottish vote, all for “independence”. Unsurprisingly, the anti-European hysteria in London pushed Scots away, and towards Europe.

“Independence” is all relative, as the Scottish National Party, like the Catalan one, is very pro-European.

In Athens, people had power: they voted themselves on the laws they wanted. Athenians did not “vote” through an oligarchy supposedly, and somehow, representing them. The “democracies” we have now are not democracies, but representative oligarchies. It’s joining insult to injury to call the regimes we suffer under, “democracies”.

Only the Swiss have a direct legislative democracy. Each of the 26 Cantons, has its own Constitution.

The independence referendum brought considerable concessions from London to Scotland. At least rhetorically. The UK now ought to equip itself with a federal constitution. No doubt that if London does not deliver, London will be punished.

Scotland is already a nation. Should it be a state? The average state in the USA is of the same size: 6 million people. The least to do is to give Scotland much more independence than the average American state enjoys, considering Scotland’s independent history (and resistance to the Romans, who never conquered it, although they tried, hard).

This is arguably even more true with Catalonia (more or less founded by Carthage, Catalonia was long independent, or part of the Frankish empire; Barcelona is named after Hamilcar Barca, a prominent Carthaginian plutocrat).

In general, as We The People vote by themselves, for themselves, the present oligarchies will have to make concessions. Thus just driving towards real democracy will have immediate effects, as it did in Scotland.

The lesson will resonate around the world. Time to ask for more than what the Scots already have. More independence from the powers that be.

Patrice Ayme’